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Oshhosh YTB-757 - History

Oshhosh YTB-757 - History


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Oshhosh
(YTB-757: dp. 356 (f.), 1. 109', b. 30', dr. 14', s. 12 k., cpl. 10; a. 2 .50 mg.; cl. Pontiac)

Oshiosh (YTB-757) was laid down 23 March 1960 by Southern Shipbuilding Corp., Slidell, La.; launched 29 July 1960, and completed 28 December 1960.

From 1961 into 1970 Oshhosh (YTB-757) served the 5th Naval District, Norfolk, Va.


Clark’s history class ends this year

This year Erick Clark has made the decision to retire from teaching, and he will be missed by our staff and students.

His captivating but laid-back style of teaching has had a positive impact on many students over the course of his career.

“He is so passionate about teaching, and he was always cheerful and full of energy,” says senior Mya Marquart.

He’s been teaching a total of 29 years, working for the state of Wisconsin at Winnebago Mental Health for 6 years before coming to North to teach social studies for 23 years, as well as coach baseball for 15 years.

He graduated from Oshkosh North in 1983 and went to UW-Oshkosh for his undergraduate degree. During this time he worked for the Oshkosh Recreation Department, where he met former Oshkosh North teacher Dave Morrison, who was also a part of the baseball program. Morrison encouraged Clark to explore teaching, and in 2005 he received his Master’s degree from Lakeland College.

Clark always loves history and does his best to pass on this passion to his students.

“I love history,” he says. “I like the connection [between] history and current events. That’s what it’s really about, seeing how history is reflective of the world today.”

His teaching reflects that passion.

“The difference between a good class and a great class is when you can tell a teacher has an enthusiasm for their subject,” says senior Max Yanacek. “Mr. Clark is the perfect example of that kind of teacher.”

Although students are his top priority, the best thing about working at Oshkosh North for Clark is the work environment created by other staff members.

“We have a really good social studies department and a lot of good teachers in North in general.”

His fellow colleagues agree.

Steve Danza, head of the Social Studies department, says the thing he’ll miss most about Clark is “eating together at lunch, the fun conversations, and Clark’s sense of humor.”

Another teacher, Chis Hansen, recalls Clark’s amazing storytelling ability.

“My favorite memories with him are listening to his stories. He’s a great storyteller and that is a great attribute to have as a history teacher,” Hansen says.

Both Hansen and Danza agree that his witty remarks and quick thinking always made conversations exponentially better, no matter the subject.

Clark might be retiring from teaching, but he has many plans for the years to come. Although he probably won’t substitute right away, he plans to stay involved with the school by working with Scott Morrison (a current and nearly retired North teacher) and the Drivers Ed program doing behind the wheel. He wants to spend more time with his granddaughter as well as some other teachers who retired prior to this year and is excited to have his own schedule.

Besides a long legacy of his teaching, Clark would like to give students advice as they finish high school.

“High school is preparation for life, whether you’re going to work right away, to school, or to the military … North is a great place to do that if as a student you have the intention of doing well. The opportunity is here every single day, and you have to take advantage of it.”

While Clark will no longer teach history here at Oshkosh North, his legacy will last in the walls, the halls, and the hearts of his students forever.


History

The history of RPC begins in the mid-1990’s in a meeting of Apple Valley Presbyterian Church (AVPC), a congregation of the Orthodox Presbyterian Church. (OPC) in Neenah, WI. Somewhere in the minutes of that meeting, a reference is made to the church’s desire to see an OPC congregation established in the city of Oshkosh.

It was not until the early months of 2014, however, that the elders of AVPC made the deliberate choice to begin praying publicly each Lord’s Day for a mission work (church plant) to begin in Oshkosh. The elders were determined to begin with prayer and think about this huge undertaking, not according to their own feeble sight and sense, but in the light of God’s sovereign power and plan.

FORMING A CORE GROUP

One year later, in February of 2015, in answer to these prayers, two AVPC families declared their readiness and willingness to step out and begin a Sunday evening Bible Study in Oshkosh. Quickly, a committed core group of 12 souls was formed around these pioneers, including three men who were ordained ruling elders already serving as at AVPC.

A PASTORAL SEARCH

By August of 2015, the AVPC elders formed a pastoral search committee. In a few months, the search committee and the elders settled on Mr. Bob Holda as their candidate of choice.

Bob had recently graduated from Mid-America Reformed Seminary in Dyer, IN and was a licentiate in the OPC’s Presbytery of the Midwest. After the elders interviewed Bob and the congregation had an opportunity to get to know the Holda family, the AVPC session of elders presented Bob to the congregation. On July 17th, 2016, AVPC unanimously voted to call Bob as the church planter for the Oshkosh mission work and Bob gladly accepted the call.

ORDAINING A MINISTER

On October 21, 2016, ministers and ruling elders of the Presbytery of the Midwest of the OPC gathered at AVPC in Neenah, WI and ordained Mr. Bob Holda as a Minster of the Word and Sacrament. They installed him as the Associate Pastor of AVPC, with the primary responsibility of planting AVPC’s daughter congregation in Oshkosh, Resurrection Presbyterian Church.

BOB’S ORDINATION SERVICE : Listen to Bob’s service of ordination and installation, which includes a sermon delivered by Rev. Bruce Hollister, a charge to Bob, given by Rev. Dr. Marcus Mininger, and a charge to the congregation, given by Rev. Dr. Alan Strange.

EARLY GROWTH

On December 4, 2016, RPC began gathering weekly on the Lord’s Day for public worship at the Christian Community Childcare Center at 3870 Jackson Street, Oshkosh, WI 54901. They worshipped there until July 8, 2018 and during those 19 months, the core group of RPC grew from 12 to 36 members. In addition, it was during this season that RPC sent out its first short-term missionaries to do disaster relief work in Houston, TX, following Hurricane Harvey.

FINDING A NEW HOME

On July 15, 2018, RPC began worshipping at the old, St. Jehosephat’s Catholic Church, located at 1205 Congress Avenue, Oshkosh, WI 54901. They are excited about the new ministry opportunities they have at this location with exclusive, 24/7 access to the building through a lease they maintain with the American Legion Cook-Fuller Post 70, which purchased the property from the Most Blessed Sacrament Parish of the Roman Catholic Church on December 29, 2017.

Having constant access to this building has given RPC a particular focus for their outreach in the surrounding neighborhood. It has provided Pastor Bob with an office and study throughout the week. It has made it possible for RPC to start a 5pm, Sunday Evening Study at the church, which began in January, 2019 and takes place on all but the first Sunday of every month. And it has given us the space to grow into a mature congregation of Christ, built up in love and truth.


Oshkosh was named for Menominee Chief Oshkosh, whose name meant "claw" [5] (cf. Ojibwe oshkanzh, "the claw"). [6] Although the fur trade attracted the first European settlers to the area as early as 1818, it never became a major player in the fur trade. The 1820s mining boom in southwest Wisconsin along with the opening of the Erie Canal shifted commercial activity away from the Fox River Valley and Green Bay. Soon after 1830, much of the trade moved west, as there had been over-trapping in the region. [ citation needed ] Following the publicity caused by the Black Hawk War in 1832, there was increased interest in settling Wisconsin by whites from the East Coast, especially New York, Indiana, and Virginia, and by 1836 the cities of Milwaukee, Madison, Janesville, Beloit, and Fond du Lac were founded, with Madison the capital of a new territorial government, setting the stage for the economic and political importance of the southern part of the state. [7] [8] However, Oshkosh would continue to be one of Wisconsin's top five largest cities into the twentieth century. [9]

The establishment and growth of the wood industry in the area spurred development of Oshkosh. Already designated as the county seat, Oshkosh was incorporated as a city in 1853. It had a population of nearly 2,800. [10]

The lumber industry became well established as businessmen took advantage of navigable waterways to provide access to both markets and northern pineries. The 1859 arrival of rail transportation expanded the industry's ability to meet the demands of a rapidly growing construction market. At one time, Oshkosh was known as the "Sawdust Capital of the World" due to the number of lumber mills in the city, 11 by 1860.

During the Civil War, the 21st Regiment, Wisconsin Infantry, of the Union Wisconsin Volunteers was organized at Oshkosh, taking in many new recruits. This was one of two units organized in the state the other was the 6th Regiment, Wisconsin Infantry, organized at Camp Randall, Madison. The 21st mustered on September 5, 1862, marching to Ohio and Louisville, Kentucky, where it participated in the fortification of Louisville later that year. It was attached to the Army of the Ohio and later to the Army of the Cumberland. [11]

By 1870, Oshkosh had become the third-largest city in Wisconsin, with a population of more than 12,000. The community attracted a range of professional teachers, attorneys, doctors, businessmen, and others who helped it flourish. The Oshkosh Daily Northwestern newspaper (now the Oshkosh Northwestern) was founded around this time, as was the Oshkosh State Normal School (now the University of Wisconsin Oshkosh). Lumber continued as the mainstay of the city. By 1874, it had 47 sawmills and 15 shingle mills.

On April 28, 1875, Oshkosh had a "Great Fire" that consumed homes and businesses along Main Street north of the Fox River. The fire engulfed 70 stores, 40 factories, and 500 homes, costing nearly $2.5 million (or $51.2 million in 2010 money) in damage. [12] [13]

Around 1900 Oshkosh was home of the Oshkosh Brewing Company, which coined the marketing slogan "By Gosh It's Good." Its Chief Oshkosh brand became a nationally distributed beer.

The population of the city in 1910 was 33,062, making it the state's fourth largest city, ahead of Madison and Green Bay. [14]

The Oshkosh All-Stars played in the National Basketball League from 1937 to 1949, before the NBL and the Basketball Association of America merged to become the NBA. Oshkosh reached the NBL's championship finals five times.

Historic districts Edit

The city has a total of 33 listings on the National Register of Historic Places. Some area entrepreneurs and businessmen made their fortunes in the lumber industry. Many made significant contributions to the community, in both politics and supporting philanthropic organizations. Following devastating fires in the mid-1870s, new buildings were commissioned in Oshkosh that expressed a range of good design: for residential, commercial, civic and religious use.

The many structures which make up the city's historic areas are largely a result of the capital and materials generated by the lumber and associated wood manufacturing industries. Oshkosh had six historic districts as of October 2011. They include the Algoma Boulevard, Irving/Church, North Main Street, Oshkosh State Normal School on the University of Wisconsin–Oshkosh campus, Paine Lumber Company, and Washington Avenue historic districts.

The city had 27 historic buildings and sites individually listed on the NRHP as of October 2011. Eleven are houses, four are churches, and the remainder include schools, colleges, a bank, a fire house, an observatory, the county courthouse, and a cemetery where many of the entrepreneurs are buried.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 26.61 square miles (68.92 km 2 ), of which, 25.59 square miles (66.28 km 2 ) is land and 1.02 square miles (2.64 km 2 ) is water. [16]

Climate Edit

In the most recent climatological normal has a hot-summer humid continental climate (Köppen: Dfa) near the 22 °C threshold (the average of the hottest month is 22.2 °C). [17] Summer days are warm to hot with cool to mild nights. Winters are cold and long with moderate snowfall. Precipitation peaks from late Spring to early Fall.

Climate data for Oshkosh (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1893–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 57
(14)
67
(19)
83
(28)
91
(33)
104
(40)
102
(39)
107
(42)
102
(39)
99
(37)
90
(32)
78
(26)
65
(18)
107
(42)
Average high °F (°C) 26.1
(−3.3)
29.9
(−1.2)
41.3
(5.2)
54.4
(12.4)
67.3
(19.6)
77.3
(25.2)
81.7
(27.6)
79.8
(26.6)
72.5
(22.5)
59.0
(15.0)
44.2
(6.8)
31.8
(−0.1)
55.4
(13.0)
Daily mean °F (°C) 18.1
(−7.7)
21.4
(−5.9)
32.4
(0.2)
45.0
(7.2)
57.7
(14.3)
68.0
(20.0)
72.2
(22.3)
70.4
(21.3)
62.6
(17.0)
49.9
(9.9)
36.6
(2.6)
24.7
(−4.1)
46.6
(8.1)
Average low °F (°C) 10.2
(−12.1)
12.9
(−10.6)
23.5
(−4.7)
35.7
(2.1)
48.0
(8.9)
58.8
(14.9)
62.7
(17.1)
61.0
(16.1)
52.7
(11.5)
40.8
(4.9)
28.9
(−1.7)
17.5
(−8.1)
37.7
(3.2)
Record low °F (°C) −32
(−36)
−34
(−37)
−24
(−31)
5
(−15)
20
(−7)
28
(−2)
30
(−1)
32
(0)
25
(−4)
8
(−13)
−8
(−22)
−27
(−33)
−34
(−37)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.34
(34)
1.11
(28)
1.92
(49)
3.21
(82)
3.94
(100)
4.82
(122)
3.76
(96)
3.40
(86)
3.26
(83)
2.89
(73)
2.05
(52)
1.59
(40)
33.29
(846)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 9.8
(25)
10.1
(26)
5.4
(14)
1.8
(4.6)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.3
(0.76)
1.8
(4.6)
10.0
(25)
39.2
(100)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 8.9 8.1 8.6 11.4 12.1 11.4 10.2 9.8 9.3 10.4 9.0 9.3 118.5
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 6.3 5.7 3.3 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 1.7 5.5 23.7
Average ultraviolet index 1 2 3 5 7 8 8 7 5 3 2 1 4
Source 1: NOAA [18] [19]
Source 2: Weather Atlas (UV index) [20]
Historical population
Census Pop.
18606,086
187012,663 108.1%
188015,748 24.4%
189022,836 45.0%
190028,284 23.9%
191033,062 16.9%
192033,162 0.3%
193040,108 20.9%
194039,089 −2.5%
195041,084 5.1%
196045,110 9.8%
197053,082 17.7%
198049,620 −6.5%
199055,006 10.9%
200062,916 14.4%
201066,083 5.0%
2019 (est.)67,004 [4] 1.4%
U.S. Census Bureau

2010 census Edit

As of the census [3] of 2010, there were 66,083 people, 26,138 households, and 13,836 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,582.4 inhabitants per square mile (997.1/km 2 ). There were 28,179 housing units at an average density of 1,101.2 per square mile (425.2/km 2 ). The racial makeup of the city was 90.5% White, 3.1% African American, 0.8% Native American, 3.2% Asian, 0.7% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.7% of the population.

There were 26,138 households, of which 25.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.7% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 47.1% were non-families. Of all households, 34.4% were made up of individuals, and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.90.

The median age in the city was 33.5 years. 18.6% of residents were under the age of 18 18.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24 26.7% were from 25 to 44 23% were from 45 to 64 and 12.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 51.2% male and 48.8% female.

2000 census Edit

As of the census [21] of 2000, there were 62,916 people, 24,082 households, and 13,654 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,662.2 people per square mile (1,028.0/km 2 ). There were 25,420 housing units at an average density of 1,075.6 per square mile (415.3/km 2 ). The racial makeup of the city was 92.73% White, 2.19% Black or African American, 0.52% Native American, 3.03% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.53% from other races, and 0.98% from two or more races. 1.69% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 52.2% were of German and 6.3% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 24,082 households, out of which 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.3% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.3% were non-families. Of all households, 32.4% were made up of individuals, and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 20.7% under the age of 18, 18.1% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 18.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $37,636, and the median income for a family was $48,843. Males had a median income of $33,750 versus $24,154 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,964. About 5.2% of families and 10.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.6% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over.


When was Most Blessed Sacrament Parish in Oshkosh founded?

On Saturday, July 14, 2007, Most Blessed Sacrament Parish officially became a parish. That same weekend the new Mass schedule took effect. At the Saint Peter worship site, there was a 4 PM vigil Mass along with a 9 AM Mass on Sunday. At the St. Mary Worship Site, there was a 7:30 and a 10:45 AM Mass on Sunday. July 16, Fr. Joel Sember arrived as a part-time assistant to the new parish.

On Saturday, August 18, 2007, at the 4 PM liturgy, Fr. James Jugenheimer was installed by Bishop Zubik as the first pastor of Most Blessed Sacrament Parish in Oshkosh.

On July 1, 2009, Fr. Joel Sember was transferred as an assistant to two parishes in De Pere, Wisconsin. He was not replaced. His youth and enthusiasm left its mark on our new parish.

In the Fall of 2013, after many months of planning meetings with Norbertine, Fr. Jim Nelson who served as our Diocesan Liturgical Renovation consultant, a complete renovation of the St. Mary upper church was begun. The Ganther Corporation oversaw the project. After it was discovered that several additional weight bearing beams would need to be added to reinforce the upper church floor, the renovation was extended to include the lower church. Special effort was taken to guard the historical integrity of St. Mary’s. The endcaps from the old, deteriorating pews were saved and repurposed into the new pews. A new altar was fabricated from one of the original altars of the church. The Eucharistic motif that had been inlaid with linoleum on the floor, was reproduced into the tile flooring using marble mosaic. A new choir area, and baptismal font were created, a ramp leading to the sanctuary was installed, and a Rood Screen was constructed to separate the gathering area from the church proper. Holy Week services were celebrated in the renovated church. The new altar arrived at a later date, all of the original candlesticks were regilded and the sanctuary lamp that had hung at the St. Josaphat site was installed near the tabernacle. On the Feast of Corpus Christi in June of 2013 the new altar was unveiled and consecrated for use by Bishop David Ricken. Set into the front motif of the altar is the image of Mary. Mother of the Eucharist. The lower church, with a newly installed kitchenette, now serves as a parish hall.

In December of 2013, a generous donor offered to purchase a life-size Fontanini Nativity set for our St. Peter site. Used for the first time for Christmas of that year, It will become another of the treasures of Most Blessed Sacrament.

In June of 2016, we held a Parish Leadership Summit to help set the vision, mission, and direction of our parish for the coming years. Out of this Summit came our new parish mission statement:

Encountering Jesus in the Eucharist
Living the Gospel
Bringing Others to Christ

In July of 2017, Father Jerry Pastors was installed by Bishop David Ricken as the second pastor of Most Blessed Sacrament Parish.

In July of 2020, Most Blessed Sacrament parish celebrated the Ordination to the Holy Priesthood of her first parish son, Fr. Ben Johnson.

In the years that have passed since our becoming a parish, Most Blessed Sacrament Parish continues to grow in the light of the Holy Spirit. Our parish outreach now includes support of the Day by Day Warming Shelter which was opened in the former St. Peter school cafeteria, the Salvation Army’s Coats for Kids and Christmas Gift Program, the Back to School Back-pack program, the St. Vincent De Paul Society, the Oshkosh Police Department’s Safety City, and the Bella Medical Clinic’s Walk for Life, Brown Bag Sundays for the Oshkosh Area Community Pantry and so much more.

While our history is short, much has been accomplished already through Grace for the greater glory of God, yet there is still much to do.


Requirements and selection Edit

In the summer of 2008, the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) began to examine the possibility of developing and procuring a lighter-weight, all-terrain capable MRAP variant to address the poor roads and difficult terrain of Afghanistan. Source selection activity considered responses from more than 20 companies to a Request for Information (RFI)/market survey dated 21 August 2008 and in mid-November 2008 the U.S. government issued a pre-solicitation for an M-ATV. In early December 2008 the M-ATV formal Request for Proposals (RFP) was issued. The original M-ATV program requirement was for between 372 and 10,000 vehicles, with the most probable production quantity stated as 2,080. [10]

In March 2009, it became known that two each of six different vehicle types (from five manufacturers) had been delivered to the U.S. Army for two months of evaluation, at the conclusion of which up to five ID/IQ (Indefinite Delivery/Indefinite Quantity) contracts would be awarded. [11] In addition to Oshkosh's proposal, BAE Systems submitted two proposals, these being a Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV) derived design and an FMTV-based Caiman derivative. Force Dynamics (a Force Protection/General Dynamics Land Systems (GDLS) joint venture) offered the Cheetah, GDLS-C (Canada) offered an RG-31 MRAP derivative, and Navistar offered an MXT-based solution. [12]

After GDLS-C's RG-31 was eliminated from the competition in May 2009, it was announced that the five remaining bidders had been awarded ID/IQ contracts, and were each to deliver three production-ready test vehicles for the next stage of the competition. At the completion of testing, the U.S. DoD stated that it planned to select a single M-ATV producer but could, at its discretion, place production orders with multiple producers as it had done with the initial MRAP procurement. On 30 June 2009, the M-ATV contract award was announced with a single ID/IQ contract award to Oshkosh. [13] [14] [15] Brigadier General Michael Brogan, United States Marine Corps program officer for MRAP, stated that the Oshkosh M-ATV was chosen because it had the best survivability and Oshkosh had the best technical and manufacturing capabilities of all the competitors. The Oshkosh bid was also the second cheapest. [16] [17] [18]

The initial M-ATV delivery order was valued at over $1 billion and included 2,244 M-ATVs. The overall M-ATV requirement had increased in early June from 2,080 to 5,244 M-ATVs, these split 2,598 (Army), 1,565 (Marines), 643 (U.S. Special Operations Command), 280 (Air Force), 65 (Navy), and 93 for testing. [19]

Production and refurbishment Edit

In July 2009, the first 46 M-ATVs were delivered, and in November the 1,000th M-ATV was handed over. Oshkosh reached its contractual obligation to produce 1,000 M-ATVs per month ahead of schedule in December 2009, and by using its existing manufacturing facilities in Oshkosh, WI (50%), and making use of its recession-hit JLG telescopic handler facility in McConnellsburg, PA (50%). [20] The first vehicles arrived in Afghanistan in October 2009 and were to be all delivered by March 2010. [21]

In total 8,722 M-ATVs were delivered to the U.S. Army, U.S. Marine Corps, U.S. Air Force, and U.S. Special Operations Command (SOCOM). M-ATVs were delivered in two main variants. The base model is designated M1240 with the Objective Gunner Protection Kit [OGPK] manned turret it is designated M1240A1 when fitted with the Underbody Improvement Kit (UIK). The second main variant is designated M1277 and is fitted with M153 CROWS remote-controlled weapon station (RCWS). Produced in smaller numbers, the SOCOM-specific variant is designated M1245 M1245A1 with UIK fitted. [22]

As part of the overall divestiture of the MRAP fleet, the U.S. Government will keep about 80% (around 7,000) of the M-ATV fleet, 5,651 of these (inc. 250 for SOCOM) to be retained by the Army. [22] Work is currently underway at Oshkosh's Wisconsin facility and the Red River Army Depot to reset the around 7,000 M-ATVs retained to a common build standard. Oshkosh was awarded an initial 500-vehicle M-ATV Reset contract in August 2014. Three additional contract options for 100 vehicles each were awarded in December 2014. Total contract value is in excess of US$77 million. Deliveries were scheduled to continue through September 2015. [22]

Reset work centers on returning vehicles to Low Rate Initial Production (LRIP) 22 standard: essentially the build standard for the final M-ATV production batch. LRIP 22 includes upgrades such as the UIK and enhanced Automatic Fire Extinguishing System (AFES). Reset work also adds Engineering Change Proposals (ECPs) that include acoustic signature reduction (muffler), Modular Ammunition Restraint System (MARS) ammunition storage, and some Government Furnished Equipment (GFE) relocation. [22]

On 28 May 2015, Oshkosh announced the U.S. Army had awarded it a contract modification for the reset of 360 additional M-ATVs. The modification includes options for the reset of up to 1,440 additional M-ATVs. Deliveries for this latest modification started October 2015. Oshkosh is on contract to reset a combined 1,160 M-ATVs with a total value of over $115 million. [23]

In January 2017, the US Marine Corps disclosed that they would upgrade and refurbish around 80 M-ATVs over a five-month period, the work scheduled to take three to four weeks for each M-ATV and cost around $385,000 per vehicle, with both Marine and Air Force M-ATVs involved. The main difference between the two services M-ATVs is the armament Air Force M-ATVs are fitted with a CROWS (Common Remotely Operated Weapon Station), while Marine M-ATVs are fitted with a manual OGPK (Objective Gunner Protection Kit) turret. [24]

Developments Edit

At the Association for Unmanned Vehicle Systems International (AUVSI) 2013 convention, Oshkosh announced the integration of the TerraMax system onto the M-ATV to allow the type to be converted into an unmanned ground vehicle. The goal is to use the M-ATV as an unmanned platform for route clearance and counter improvised explosive device (IED) missions by engineers. [25]

Oshkosh Defense unveiled the M-ATV Extended Wheel Base Medical (EXM) variant at the International Defense Exhibition and Conference (IDEX) 2015 (22–26 Feb.) in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. This variant of the M-ATV has enough interior capacity to simultaneously transport two litter-bound patients, two ambulatory patients, a medic, commander and driver. The M-ATV EXM's customizable internal configuration also enables equipment to be accessed quickly by a centrally positioned medic. [26]

In February 2015, Oshkosh Defense and Alliant Techsystems conducted a firing demonstration of the M230LF 30 mm chain gun on an M-ATV to demonstrate the viability and effectiveness of a medium caliber weapon system for light tactical vehicles. The live fire demonstration showcased improved accuracy in mobile engagements and improved lethality on the M-ATV using the gun, mounted on the R400S-Mk2, a 3-axis stabilized remote weapon station weighing less than 400 kg (880 lb). The addition of the 72.6 kg (160 lb) M230LF stabilized on the RWS provides mobile precise lethality, usually reserved for heavier combat vehicles, with exceptional off-road mobility and MRAP levels of protection. [27]

The M-ATV proved to be more survivable than the Humvee and was lighter than other MRAP versions, but to further enhance survivability and mobility for troops, the U.S. military undertook the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV) program to obtain a vehicle combining light weight, mobility, and protection. In August 2015, Oshkosh was awarded the contract for their Light Combat Tactical All-Terrain Vehicle (L-ATV), which took design lessons from fielding the M-ATV and incorporated them into a truck at two-thirds the weight and with faster off-road speeds. [28]

By 2018, the Marine Corps was deploying a Counter-Unmanned Aerial System (C-UAS) that can be mounted onto an M-ATV. The Ground-Based Air Defense (GBAD) Counter-UAS system consists of the RPS-42 S-band radar, the Modi electronic warfare system, visual sensors and Raytheon Coyote anti-drone UAV to detect, track and destroy hostile drones. [29]

The M-ATV combines a Plasan designed armored hull developed for the Northrop Grumman/Oshkosh JLTV Technology Development (TD) phase proposal [30] [28] with some elements of the Medium Tactical Vehicle Replacement (MTVR) chassis and Oshkosh's TAK-4 suspension system. TAK-4 suspension is coil sprung and fully independent, and offers 16 inches of wheel travel.

For survivability, and in addition to the V-shaped hull which is optimized for IED protection, other aids include the ability to take a 7.62 mm round to the engine oil/coolant/hydraulic system and continue to drive for at least one kilometer. The engine compartment is also protected with the Stat-X engine fire suppression system. [31] A central tire inflation system (CTIS) and run-flat inserts allow the M-ATV to travel at least 30 miles at 30 mph even if two tires lose pressure. The M-ATV also features a traction control system and anti-lock brakes.

Armament is roof-mounted and can be either manually or remotely operated. Manual options include a M240 machine gun, a Mk 19 grenade launcher, an M2 Browning machine gun, a MILAN anti-tank guided missile, or a BGM-71 TOW anti-tank guided missile launcher. Remote option is usually the CROWS (Common Remotely Operated Weapon Station), however as previously mentioned, Oshkosh has also fitted for demonstration purposes the R400S-Mk2, a 3-axis stabilized remote weapon station when has the M230LF chain autocannon mounted on.

Other M-ATV features include a HVAC system and power outlets for charging portable electronic devices. [4] The M-ATV is also unique among MRAP-type designs in that it uses suicide-type rear doors. [19]

The United Arab Emirates Army initially ordered 55 M-ATVs through an FMS sale in 2011. The UAE ordered another 750 M-ATVs direct from Oshkosh in July 2012. These are to provide greater off-road mobility and crew protection for regional security and peace-keeping operations users include the elite Presidential Guard. Deliveries were completed in August 2013. [32] [33] [34] In September 2014, the UAE requested another 44 M-ATVs from U.S. surplus stocks. [35]

In September 2013, the Saudi Arabian Army began negotiations for an order for an undisclosed number of M-ATVs. [36] Saudi Arabia received an estimated 450 M-ATVs including some extended wheelbase variants. [3]

On 7 April 2014, the U.S. government donated 162 M-ATVs to the Croatian Army for use in small-scale combat operations in urban and restricted environments. [37] Fifteen M-ATVs are going to the Croatian Special Forces Command (SFCOM), five will be with the Support Command (SCOM), two with the Military Police Regiment, and 78 entered service with the Croatian Army in 2015, with a further 62 to follow in 2016 for the 1st Battalion of the Motorized Guards Brigade in Gospic. [38]

In January 2015, it was reported that the U.S. was to donate 308 Mine Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) vehicles to Uzbekistan under the Excess Defense Articles program. Requested totals include 159 M-ATVs with UIK, plus 50 Maxxpro Plus, 20 MaxxPro recovery, 50 BAE RG-33L CAT II and 70 Cougar CAT 1 (W/ISS (65) W/O ISS 5) vehicles. [39] [40]

In February 2015, it was disclosed that the U.S. was providing 20 M-ATVs to African Union (AU) peacekeepers in Somalia. These M-ATVs will replace older 1980s-vintage Casspir vehicles. [41]

On 25 February 2015, Polish special forces received 45 M-ATVs. The handover ceremony took place in Cracow, Poland and the US Ambassador in Poland, Stephen D. Mull, participated in the event. Delivery of the MRAP vehicles was carried out within the framework of the Excess Defense Articles program, the standard way that the U.S. military gives surplus equipment to allies. [42]

In June 2016, photographs released by the Iraqi Ministry of Defence showed M-ATVs with Iraqi Special Operations Forces (ISOF) (also known as the Counter-Terrorism Service (CTS)) units advancing northwards for the operation to retake the Islamic State-held city of Mosul. [43]

Oshkosh formerly announced the addition of designated variants to the M-ATV family in April 2014. [44] The range has evolved since then, the current five variants announced in May 2016. [45]

The five current variants are: [46]

  • M-ATV Special Forces – 5-seat with protected cargo area. Curb Weight: 31,467 lb (14,273 kg) payload: 5,500 lb (2,495 kg). [47]
  • M-ATV Assault – modular seating for up to 11. Curb Weight: 35,450 lb (16,080 kg) payload: 4,400 lb (1,996 kg). Extended wheelbase. [48]
  • M-ATV Engineer – modular seating for 5 to 11. Curb Weight: 35,225 lb (15,978 kg) Payload: 4,400 lb (1,996 kg). Mine roller ready. Extended wheelbase. [49]
  • M-ATV Command – 5-seat. Curb Weight: 35,128 lb (15,934 kg) payload: 4,400 lb (1,996 kg). Extended wheelbase. [50]
  • M-ATV Utility – 5-seat. Curb weight w/fuel: 29,344 lb (13,310 kg) payload: 7,000 lb (3,181 kg). Flatbed platform with ISO-lock corner fixings. Extended wheelbase. [51]

6×6 technology demonstrator Edit

In October 2015, Oshkosh unveiled an M-ATV 6×6-wheeled technology demonstrator. The vehicle was designed with greater interior volume to transport three crew and 8–12 troops and to have greater payload capacity while maintaining MRAP-level protection and off-road mobility, combining the TAK-4 independent suspension and the M-ATV 6×6's all-wheel steer for maneuverability across any terrain. Top speed is 65 mph (105 km/h) with a 70 percent off-road/30 percent on-road suspension durability profile. It has a curb weight of 21 tons (42,000 lb or 19,000 kg), a payload capacity of 12,000 lb (5,400 kg), and the same turning radius as the 4x4 version. [52] [53]


Since the University’s inception as a teacher-training school in 1871 to its stature today as a premier comprehensive institution, quality and innovative higher education have been hallmarks of UW Oshkosh’s success.

In the early years, the Oshkosh State Normal School was Wisconsin’s foremost institution for educating teachers and the first such school in the nation to have a kindergarten. Rose C. Swart, a powerhouse in the model school department for half a century, introduced practice teaching in 1872. Tuition was free to all who declared their intention to teach in Wisconsin public schools. In 1916, fire destroyed the main campus building Dempsey Hall replaced it in 1918.

As the educational focus evolved and expanded, the institution underwent several name changes to the Oshkosh State Teachers College in 1927 and the Wisconsin State College Oshkosh in 1951. A graduate school was added in 1963, transforming the one-time normal school into a fully developed university.

In its centennial year of 1971, the institution merged into the Wisconsin system and became the University of Wisconsin Oshkosh. Innovations — such as a new academic calendar with 14-week semesters and three-week interim sessions and a Faculty Development Program — followed when Chancellor Robert Birnbaum arrived in 1974.

UW Oshkosh’s academic excellence continued to gain recognition under the leadership of chancellors Edward M. Penson, John E. Kerrigan and Richard H. Wells. New programs, institutes and degrees have kept the curriculum relevant, while building expansions, renovations and additions support the institution’s continued growth.

But Titans don’t live in the past.

Today, led by Chancellor Andrew J. Leavitt, UW Oshkosh proudly serves the region as the third-largest university in Wisconsin with an annual on- and off-campus enrollment of nearly 14,000.

Future-minded campus initiatives include a commitment to sustainability, including the goal of carbon-neutral campuses by 2030, and continued investment in relevant liberal arts education across the curriculum.


From the archives: Clarence 'Inky' Jungwirth blueprints Oshkosh history

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Clarence "Inky" Jungwirth, 95, autographs his book for Tom Beyer, right, wearing Oshkosh B'Gosh clothing during the Oshkosh Memorabilia Club show March 21, 2015, at the Oshkosh Senior Center. (Photo: Jeannette Merten/For USA TODAY NETWORK-Wisconsin) Buy Photo

Editor's note: The Oshkosh Northwestern originally published this story Nov. 15, 2012. Clarence "Inky" Jungwirth died Sunday.

It's difficult to figure out where to start when the story comes to Clarence "Inky" Jungwirth, so let's start with that nickname.

You might think "Inky" comes from him writing the book on Oshkosh, its history and its people almost two dozen times over. Or from his stint as an Oshkosh Northwestern columnist covering the activities of Oshkosh soldiers in H Company as they went through training before shipping out to the Pacific theater during World War II. Or from his start at Oshkosh Corp. 66 years ago running a blueprint machine. Or maybe even from his passion for reading an average of four books per month.

Those would all be wrong, though.

Instead, the 93-year-old's nickname stems from his days growing up on the south side in the rough and tumble Sixth Ward.

"In the early formation of the Sixth Ward, if you didn't have a nickname, you were considered a sissy," Jungwirth explained. "The nicknames were given to you by your physical characteristics, your habits. Out of the hundred kids in my gang, I was the runt of the gang. I was only five feet tall. . So they called me 'Incubator Baby.'"

In his 93 years, Jungwirth's seen Oshkosh transform itself from a lumber town to a manufacturing center. He's watched religious and ethnic divisions dissolve and geographical ones rise up in their stead. He's seen population shifts from downtown to the town of Algoma.

Also, he's delivered dry cleaning, worked in a tailor's shop, learned typing, studied journalism for a spell, earned a history degree from the University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh when he was 68, learned engineering and drafting trades so well he boasts he can "design a truck mentally without paper" and still finds plenty of time to spend with his three children, six grandchildren and eight great-grandchildren.

His memory, knowledge of history and skill across a variety of trades has kept him sharp as a tack even after 66 years on the job at Oshkosh Corp., minus a brief retirement more than 20 years ago.

"I have to keep 50,000 old trucks going," he explains. "I retired in 1987, but they called me back six months later. The company once had a meeting to see if they could clone me."

In short, he's never at a loss for a good story and is always happy to share them with anyone who asks, with no sign of compunction about anything he might share.

"All the teachers in Oshkosh know me," Jungwirth said. "I've lectured at every school in the city, mostly about my World War II experiences. I have a lot to say, so if you don't like the way I talk, don't ask me to speak. I don't give a damn."

It all started back at a time when a man of his age — 13 or 14 — would normally have followed his father's and relatives' footsteps and gone to work at the Paine Lumber Mill after finishing grade school at Sacred Heart.

"My mom saw something in me. She insisted I go to high school," he explained. "I graduated with honors, but I had to work before school cleaning a tailor's shop and after, delivering clothes. I'd work 100 hours in a month for $8 pay."

He joined the National Guard on June 24, 1940, and was sent off to Louisiana where the journalism, drafting and typing courses he took in school paid off, even if "at the time that meant a boy was a sissy."

He was made H Company's clerk as it and the rest of the Army's 32nd Infantry, shipped off to Australia before engaging in the Battle of Buna, on New Guinea, one of the first battles in the Pacific theater.

He would later become a part of the 24th Infantry and fought in the battles for Leyte, Bataan and Mindanao, one of the last battles in the Pacific. He and his fellow soldiers gave a lot, but Jungwirth also said he lost something ingrained in him since a young boy: his animosity toward other ethnicities and religions.

"As GIs, we were intermingling with different cultures," he said. "I took all my animosities from the Sixth Ward and lost them in Australia and New Guinea when they saved our lives and as we dealt with natives."

He returned home to Oshkosh bearing the scars of war, malaria and post-traumatic stress disorder on Aug. 27, 1945.

"I looked like a ghost. I had the 'thousand-mile stare.' I still have dreams of being drafted after I returned from the war," Jungwirth said.

Seven days later, Oshkosh Truck Corp. took a chance and hired Jungwirth to run a blueprint machine for a few hours each day.

"They saw something in me," Jungwirth said. "I'd run the blueprint machine for three or four hours each day, but they also taught me how to draw parts in my spare time."

Oshkosh Truck's business at the time was snow removal trucks. But as the '50s and '60s gave way to the '70s and '80s, the company started to design military trucks. The first of many he helped design was the Heavy Equipment Transporter, or HET, which the company still makes for the U.S. military today.

"The soldiers loved it for hauling tanks in Germany," Jungwirth said of the HET. "And it led us to version two of the HET, which was just perfect. And it's why Oshkosh has been successful with the military ever since."

By 1991, after his brief stint in retirement ended and he returned to Oshkosh Truck, Jungwirth decided his journals and knowledge of the community's history needed to be shared. And so, in 1991, he wrote and self-published his first book, "A History of the 'Bloody Sixth Ward' in the City of Oshkosh."

"It was very popular," he modestly says.

It became the first of four books he wrote on the history of Oshkosh. He added another five volumes full of tales of Oshkosh and several autobiographical volumes as well, including his diary from World War II. Many of his books remain for sale at Apple Blossom Books downtown.


Oshkosh announced on May 30, 2013 that it had been selected by the US Marine Corps to supply its next-generation Aircraft Rescue and Fire Fighting (ARFF) vehicles. The P-19 Replacement (P-19R) will replace the Oshkosh P-19A fleet which was first fielded in 1984 and is reaching the end of its service life. [2] The P-19R contract extends through May 2018 and has a total estimated value of $192 million ($192,852,826 quoted). [5]

Following the delivery of three prototype vehicles in December 2013 for testing, [2] in April 2015 it was disclosed the P-19R had successfully completed all required government development testing and evaluation and readiness reviews required to move the program through Milestone C approval and into Low Rate Initial Production (LRIP). A delivery order was placed and LRIP commenced that month, with vehicles slated for delivery to support Product Verification Testing (PVT). Six LRIP vehicles were delivered in February 2016 to the Aberdeen Test Center in Aberdeen Maryland for PVT and Cherry Point North Carolina for First Unit Equipped (FUE) testing. Testing was conducted from March 2016 through June 2016. A Full Rate Production (FRP) decision was announced by Oshkosh on August 18, 2016. [1]

On 22 May 2017 Oshkosh announced that the U.S. Marine Corps has awarded the company a delivery order valued at more than $33 million for an additional 54 P-19Rs. Oshkosh stated the company expected to deliver the first P-19Rs in June 2017 and in total would deliver 164 P-19Rs through 2019. [6] On 27 July 2017 Oshkosh announced that the U.S. Marine Corps had awarded the company a delivery order valued at more than $16 million for an additional 23 P-19Rs. [7] On 2 November 2017 Oshkosh announced that the U.S. Marine Corps had awarded the company a delivery order valued at more than $19 million for an additional 31 P-19Rs for delivery through 2019. [8] Oshkosh announced on 6 February 2018 that the P-19R had reached its Initial Operating Capability (IOC) milestone. The P-19R contract extends through 2018 and between 164 and 200 vehicles can be ordered, with 60 vehicles delivered by February 2018. [4]

The P-19R is based on a conventional C-section rigid chassis, the wheelbase of which is 4.851 m. Motive power is provided by a rear-mounted transverse 15.2-litre Caterpillar C15 six-cylinder in-line turbocharged, water-cooled four-stroke diesel, developing 600 hp (448 kW), [9] this coupled to an Allison 4700 SP seven-speed fully automatic transmission and Oshkosh 35000 Series single-speed transfer case. This set-up is shared with Oshkosh’s Logistic Vehicle System Replacement (LVSR) which is also in service with the Marines. [3]

Suspension is Oshkosh TAK-4 fully independent double wishbone all-round, and by coil springs with 16-inches of independent wheel travel. TAK-4 suspension is fitted to the Marines’ LVSR and Medium Tactical Vehicle Replacement (MTVR) fleets, and is also fitted to the Oshkosh M-ATVs and upgraded Cougar MRAPs that are being retained by the Marines post-Afghanistan. The P-19R is fitted with Michelin XZL 16.00 R 20 tires. A Dana central tire inflation system (CTIS) is fitted, this allowing the driver to adjust tire pressures to suit the terrain being crossed. A spare wheel/tire is carried at the rear of the vehicle. [10]

The cab seats four, a driver and three crew. The driver sits centrally. [10]

The P-19R is equipped with a power divider that allows the vehicle to drive and pump simultaneously. In addition to hoses, ladders and other fire and rescue equipment, the P-19R carries 1000 gallons of water, 130 gallons of foam agent, and 500 lb of Halotron auxiliary firefighting agent. The roof and bumper turrets combined, will discharge up to 750 gallons of water per minute, and at up to 1000 ft from a fire. [10]

Cross-lay hose beds in the main body offer convenient access to fire hoses that can be used for structural fires or to draw water from a hydrant or natural source such as a river or pond. [3] On the underside of the P-19R there are nozzles that can discharge 56 liters of water and foam to extinguish a fire or fuel spill underneath the vehicle. In front of the vehicle Oshkosh has installed nozzles that spray water and foam on the windshield to keep it cool. [10]

The P-19R is also equipped with Oshkosh's Command Zone integrated control and diagnostic system originally developed for the company's commercial fire-fighting vehicle in 1999. Command Zone is a computer-controlled, electronics technology that operates and diagnoses all major vehicle networks. The backbone of the system is multiplexing technology that allows vehicle components to work in concert, streamlining diagnostic and troubleshooting efficiencies. Both a local and remote monitoring system, it allows real-time access to critical vehicle information via command and control networks, laptops, on-board display screens or hand-held personal digital devices. [10]


Oshkosh - Top Stories of the Decades

1830s
1835 George Johnson establishes a ferry from what is now Riverside Cemetery to what is now Rainbow Park.
First settlers from the eastern U.S., Webster Stanley and Gallup families, 1836
Meeting to choose official name for community so a post office can be established. The name Oshkosh wins.

1840s
First post office. John P. Gallup is postmaster.
First frame house built by Joseph Jackson at site of what is now New Moon coffeehouse.
1844 First steamboat, the Manchester.
1846 population 752 the "business district" is described as one tavern, two stores and the ferry. W.W. Wright and Joseph Jackson survey the area to the west of modern Main Street into house lots.
1847 Ferry is replaced by a float bridge. The opening of the bridge is part of the Independence Day celebration.
1849 school census reports a total population of 1032 school children, 187.
Weekly newspaper, Oshkosh Democrat, begins February 1849.

1850s
First plank road built, linking Oshkosh to Fond du Lac, 1850.
St. Peter's Church erected, 1850.
Established Riverside Cemetery, 1855.
First stagecoach started between Oshkosh, Fond du Lac and Wisconsin Rapids, 1850.
First "planked" street was Ferry (now North Main) street, 1850.
Oshkosh incorporated as a city, April 1853 first mayor Edward Eastman.
Oil street lamps used, 1853.
First bell made in Wisconsin was cast by Oshkosh resident Fred Gaenzler, 1853.
First daily newspaper, Oshkosh Courier, began, 1854.
City bought Main Street (toll) bridge and made travel across it free, 1854.
Morgan Products/Doors started in 1855.
Paine Lumber founded, 1855.
By 1856, the city has 15 industries based on lumber: saw, shingle and planning mills, sash and door factories. These industries will dominate the next 50 years.
First fair was held, Oct. 10 - 11, 1856.
First fire engine company organized, 1856.
First brick building built, 1856.
Oshkosh resident Coles Bashford elected governor of Wisconsin, 1856.
Trinity Church erected, corner of Algoma and Light (Division), 1857.
First railroad, Chicago and Northwestern, reaches the city, October 1859.
First large fire, May 10, 1859.

1860s
Schmit Trunk Co. established some time in early 1860s.
First railroad bridge built for Chicago and Northwestern, 1861.
Oshkosh men serve in the Civil War, 1861-1865.
Start of Oshkosh baseball team, the Everetts, 1865.
Commercial breweries are established: Rahr Brewery in 1864 Horn & Schwalm Brewery in 1866 Glatz Brewery in 1869.
Civic improvements continue: Main Street is paved with Nicholson pavement in 1866 30 miles of other streets are graveled.
Buckstaff Co. founded, 1869.
Second large fire, May 1866.
Oshkosh was second largest city in state, 1866.
Oshkosh High School built, 1867
Oshkosh Gas Co., now part of Wisconsin Public Service, started by J.D. Davis, 1868.
State Normal School (college) began construction, 1869.
City switched to gas lights, December 1869.

1870s
Peak lumber mill years.
Oshkosh Yacht Club established, 1870.
Oshkosh Normal School opened, fall 1871.
Northern State Hospital for the Insane opens, 1873. Later called Winnebago State Hospital and now called Winnebago Mental Health Institute.
Radford Co. established, 1874.
Oshkosh baseball team, The Amateurs, was organized, 1874.
Major fires, July 14, 1874 and April 28, 1875.
Gen. W.T. Sherman stopped in Oshkosh, 1876.
Arion Band formed, 1878 . For the next 25 years, they were the leading entertainers of the region.
The Great Road Race was held, 1878. The steam road wagon "Oshkosh" won.
First telephones in use, 1879.

1880s
Gen. Ulysses S. Grant visited Oshkosh, June 14, 1880.
J. L. Clark Carriage Co. founded, 1881 (defunct in 1930s).
Street cars, electric lights introduced, 1882.
Door-to-door mail delivery began, 1882.
A new Main Street bridge was built, 1882.
Grand Opera House opened, 1883.
Alexian Brothers Hospital built on 7 acres of land purchased from J.J. Moore and located on Jackson Street, 1884.
Devastating tornado hit Oshkosh, July 1885.
Oshkosh Savings and Loan opened as Oshkosh Mutual Loan and Building Society, 1886.
Susan B. Anthony, women's rights activist, spoke in Oshkosh, 1886.
Beginning of C.R. Meyer & Sons, 1888.
Oshkosh was dropped from Northwestern League (professional baseball), 1888.

1890s
Bridge built over Fox River at Oshkosh/Algoma Avenue, 1890.
St. Mary's Hospital (on Merritt) opened, 1891.
H.C. Doman built first horseless carriage in Oshkosh, 1892.
St. John's Catholic Church built, 1893.
Oshkosh Brewing Co. opened, 1894.
Oshkosh B'Gosh founded as Grove Manufacturing, 1895.
Globe Printing began business, 1895.
Congregation B'nai Israel organized, 1895.
Horse-drawn streetcars replaced by electric streetcars, 1897.
Oshkosh resident Raddatz successfully tested homemade submarine in Fox River, 1897.
National Grass Twine Co. founded (later named Deltox, invented the grass rug), 1897.
Woodworkers' Strike, 1898.
Beginning of Rockwell International as E.B. Hayes Machinery, 1898.
Universal Motor Co. established, 1898.
Citizens Traction Company opened Electric Park (also known as White City and EWECO Park), south of town, 1898.
Construction of draw bridge on Oregon street, 1898.

1900s
Public Library opened in new building (was in City Hall) donated by Harris and Sawyer families, 1900.
First concrete sidewalks were laid, 1900.
High School destroyed in fire, 1901.
Transit to Omro started, 1901.
Oshkosh Trunk Company opened, 1902.
F.W. Mueller (and Potter) Drug Store opened at 10th and Oregon, 1907.
Wisconsin National Life founded, 1908.

1910s
People's Brewing Co. began business, 1911 (to 1972).
A new Oshkosh/Algoma Avenue bridge opened, 1912.
Oshkosh Normal School burnt down, 1916.
Oshkosh and WW I - famous Victory Arch erected on Main Street.
St. Mary's Hospital purchased Lakeside Hospital, 1917.
Oshkosh Truck started, 1917.
Flu epidemic, 1917-1918.
Marquart Millwork founded, 1919.
New Oregon Street bridge built, 1919.

1920s
There were numerous "frog dealers" in the 1920s.
Ralph Buckstaff built observatory, 1922
West Algoma flood, 1922.
Devastating sleet/ice storm, 1922.
Museum moved into old Edgar Sawyer home, 1924.
Thousands attended Ku Klux Klan rally on the Stilson farm (corners of Jackson and Murdock), April 1926.
North Park renamed Menominee Park, Chief Oshkosh Statue and dedication, 1926. First commercial airport opened, 1927.
Bus franchise granted, 1928.
Raulf Hotel opened, 1928.

1930s
Northwestern newspaper moved into new building on State Street, 1930.
Electric streetcars shut down, 1930.
Oshkosh aviator Clyde Lee disappeared over Atlantic while attempting record-breaking flight, 1932.
Miles Kimball Co. began, 1935.
Dunphy Boat Company moved to Oshkosh, 1935.
Professional basketball team Oshkosh All-Stars formed, 1937.
A 7-Up bottling plant opened by John and Lydia Plein, 1937.
Depression hits lumber industry, 1930 - 1939.

1940s
South Park junior high and elementary school opened, 1940.
New Ohio/Wisconsin Street bridge dedicated, Aug. 25, 1940.
World War II and Oshkosh, 1941 - 1945.
Paine Art Center/Arboretum opened, 1947.
Earliest Dutch elm disease cases, late 1940s - early 1950s.

1950s
Tuberculosis epidemic, early 1950s.
Natural gas became available, 1950.
City Centennial celebration held, 1953.
Butte des Morts Hwy 41 bridge opened, 1955.
Change in form of city government, from mayor-alderman to council-manager, 1956.
Grand opening of new Oregon/Jackson street bridge, Jan. 25, 1957.
Oshkosh renamed/numbered many streets, 1957.
Airport terminal opened, 1958.
Lourdes Academy dedicated, 1959.

1960s
New Oshkosh High opened (now West High), 1961.
Schools consolidated into Oshkosh Area School District, 1961.
Miss Wisconsin Pageant moved to Oshkosh, 1963.
Pioneer Inn opened, 1965.
Largest land annexation ever (Westhaven), 1966.
Introduction of jet service to Oshkosh, 1967.
William Steiger elected to Congress, 1967.
Airport renamed Wittman Field, 1967.
"Black Thursday" demonstration at University of Wisconsin Oshkosh, Nov. 21, 1968.

1970s
First EAA convention in Oshkosh, 1970.
Downtown peace demonstrations by University of Wisconsin Oshkosh students, 1970.
Park Plaza opened, 1971.
University of Wisconsin Oshkosh celebrated 100th anniversary.
Oshkosh North High opened, 1972.
First Annual Sawdust Days celebration, 1972.
New Main Street bridge, 1973.
Devastating tornado hits west side, April 1974.
Senior Citizens' Center opened, 1975.
President Ford campaigned for reelection at Wittman Airport, April 3, 1976.
Congressman William Steiger died in office, December 4, 1978.

1980s
Jail, Safety Building opened, 1980.
Three Imperial Eggs stolen from Paine Art Center, Oct. 23, 1980.
Oshkosh had professional basketball team, Wisconsin Flyers, 1982 - 1987.
Movie, "Dreams Come True" filmed in Oshkosh, 1982.
President Ronald Reagan spoke at the Winnebago County Courthouse, May 1985.
Grand Opera House reopened, 1986.
Opening of downtown convention center/hotel, 1986.
Opening of Oshkosh Correctional Institute, 1986.
Two student "riots", 1989.

1990s
Manufacturers Marketplace outlet mall opened. Oshkosh Public Museum fire, summer 1994.
Oshkosh Public Library renovated/expanded building reopens, October 1994.
Wisconsin Central railroad tracks consolidated, removed from downtown, 1996.
Oshkosh Northwestern family newspaper sold to corporation, 1998.

2000s
Sundial built at the corner of Main and Algoma, 2000.
Hydrite Chemical Company spill caused evacuation on south side, December 2000.
Mercy Medical Center on Oakwood opened, 2000.
Wind storm, June 2001.
Public Enemies starring Johnny Depp filmed in Downtown Oshkosh, 2008.

This timeline was compiled from Local History materials, including the following circulating sources: