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23 May 1943

23 May 1943


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23 May 1943

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War at Sea

German submarine U-752 sunk in the North Atlantic

War in the Air

Dortmund is hit by the heaviest RAF raid of the war to date, when 2000 tons of bombs are dropped on the city



34th Infantry Division - Red Bull

After continuing its training in Ireland, the 34th Infantry Division saw its first combat in the North African invasion, 8 November 1942, landing at Algiers and seizing the port and outlying airfields. Elements of the Division took part in numerous subsequent engagements in Tunisia during the Allied build-up, notably at Sened Station, Paid Pass, Sbeitla, and Fondouk Gap. In April 1943 the Division assaulted Hill 609, capturing it on 1 May 1943, and then drove through Chouigui Pass to Tebourba and Ferryville.

The Division then trained for the Salerno landing. The 151st FA Bn. went in on D-day, 9 September 1943, at Salerno, while the rest of the Division followed on 25 September. Contacting the enemy at the Calore River, 28 September 1943, the 34th drove north to take Benevento, crossed the winding Volturno three times in October and November, assaulted Mount Patano and took one of its four peaks before being relieved, 9 December 1943. In January 1944, the Division drove into the Gustav line, took Mount Trocchio after a bitter fight, pushed across the Rapido, attacked Monastery Hill, and fought its way into Cassino, being relieved 13 February 1944. After rest and rehabilitation, it landed in the Anzio beachhead, 25 March 1944, maintaining defensive positions until the offensive of 23 May, when it broke out of the beachhead, took Cisterna, and raced to Civitavecchia and Rome. After a short rest, the Division drove across the Cecina River to liberate Livorno, 19 July 1944, and continued on to take Mount Belmonte in October. Digging in south of Bologna for the winter, the 34th jumped off, 15 April 1945, and captured Bologna on 21 April. Pursuit of the routed enemy was halted, 2 May, with the German surrender in Italy.


Battle of Kursk - WW2 Timeline (July 5th - August 23rd, 1943)

Operation Citadel would go down as the last great German operation along the East Front - an attempt to reclaim some footing after their disastrous defeat at Stalingrad. The actions centered around the city of Kursk to which a large salient (or bulge) had developed from the previous year's fighting with the strategic city left right in the middle. The salient ran from Novosil in the northeast and westward to Kursk and finally to the south close to Belgorod. Their respective fronts became the Bryansk, Voronezh and South-West Fronts. To the salient's north lay the German 9th Army and to its south was the 4th Panzer Army. The German Army was waiting for the right time to strike and deliver a timely blow that would send the Russians reeling.

A plan was enacted to deliver such a blow and attention to every detail was paid. Unknown to the Germans was the Soviet partisan movement watching and detailing every move the Army made and relaying this information back to the Soviet Army. So while the Germans readied their side of the chessboard, the Soviets were already preparing the massive counter-attack to follow.

Soviet Army forces were being concentrated en mass. Hundreds and thousands of tanks, artillery (some 20,000 pieces alone), and men were moved into the region. However, to conceal the counter-attack, many of these key units were held in reserve. The Soviets prepared for a huge defensive fight and key frontline positions were armed with anti-tank weaponry backed by artillery and tanks.

The German force was made primarily of two large army groups positioned north and south of the salient. Army Group Center was home to Generaloberst Walter Model's 9th Army consisting of three Panzer Corps. Generaloberst Hoth and his 4th Army was situated to the south. These forces were fielding a mix of Panther and Tiger medium/heavy tanks including the latest model forms then available in the war.

On July 5th, 1943, the Germans moved to attack. However, the Soviets were ready and unleashed a storm of artillery fire that delayed the German assault for over an hour and a half. The firestorm sent the first invasion elements into disarray and hampered the spearhead to a high degree. Once settled, the German Army moved their armor in to attack, only to be greeted by a hail of anti-tank rounds, delaying the assault even further. After the first day's fighting, the Russian defenders had held firm and kept the mighty German tanks at bay.

As more and more German forces attempted to push a gap, the Soviets sprung their counterattack. To the south of the salient, the Germans were manhandled by an advancing Russian army group and a massive 1,500-strong tank battle took place that included the Soviet T-34 Medium Tank as well as powerful self-propelled, tank-killing destroyers. By the end of it all, the battle-weary Germans were in retreat and the Soviet Army could lay claim to this decisive victory. The 4th Panzer Army was nearly altogether destroyed.

The full German retreat was put into action as Hitler ordered a cessation of Operation Citadel. The Soviet Air Force continued to harass the retreating Germans back across the Dniepr River. In the process, the Red Army went about setting up and securing key bridgeheads across the river.

By the end of August 1943, the Germans were well behind their original starting points and the Soviets claimed the ultimate victory. Operation Citadel became the inevitable turning point in the East and the beginning of the end of the German scourge into Russia - Kursk marked as the largest modern land battle of the period.


There are a total of (19) Battle of Kursk - WW2 Timeline (July 5th - August 23rd, 1943) events in the Second World War timeline database. Entries are listed below by date-of-occurrence ascending (first-to-last). Other leading and trailing events may also be included for perspective.

The Germans enact Operation Citadel - the assault on the Kursk salient. The operation begins at 4:30am but major elements are delayed until 5:00am thanks to intense artillery attacks by the prepared Russians.

Soviet Marshal-General Rokossovsky and his Central Front army engage in a counter-attack against the German offensive. The counter-attack fails but is enough to slow the German 9th Army some. A measly 6 miles of territory is gained by the Germans.

German General Hoth and his 4th Panzer Army move into the salient, covering some 20 miles of territory. Their advantage brings them near Pokrovka.

The Soviet Army officially retakes the Russian city of Kursk.

Soviet resistance to the German offensives is so intense that German General Hoth is forced to bring up his reserves and commit them to the fight. The advancing Germans are slowed evermore by the stinky Soviet defenders, also made up of deadly anti-tank teams.

Soviet generals Zhukov and Vassilevky are given total control of the actions in and around Kursk by Stalin himself.

The Soviet Bryansk Front northeast of Kursk moves in on German General Model's 9th Army.

The Soviets commit more tanks against Hoth and his 4th Panzer Army.

A huge battle involving more than 1,000 tanks of the German and Soviet armies duke it out near Pokrovka.

Soviet General Sokolosky moves against German Army Group Center and the 9th Army in a counter-offensive.

Adolph Hitler orders an end to Operation Citadel.

Fighting in the Kursk salient officially ends.

German Army forces are pushed back to their original starting positions by this date.

Soviet forces of the Steppe, Voronezh and South-West Fronts initiate a new offensive against German Army Group South just outside of the Kursk salient.

Soviet Army forces move towards Kharkov, liberating the city of Belgorod in the process.

Kharkov is retaken by the Soviet Army.

German Army Group Center is in full retreat.

Thursday, September 30th, 1943

The German Army falls as far back as the Dniepr River.

Thursday, September 30th, 1943

By this date, the Soviet Army has established no less than five bridgeheads crossing the Dniepr River, keeping the Germans at bay for the time being.


1960s - 1970s

  • Jan 1961: The Seahawks had just deployed to Argentia, Newfoundland, when they received a special assignment. VP-23 was one of several patrol squadrons put on alert for the hijacked Portugese liner San ta Maria. The search for the missing vessel took five of the squadron’s aircraft to Barbados, Trinidad and Recife, Brazil, before the liner was found. This detachment remained at San Juan until March, when it rejoined the squadron at Argentia. The remaining months of the deployment were spent in shipping surveillance and evaluation testing of the Tiros II weather satellite.
  • 1 May 1961: The squadron established a new endurance record for the P2V-7 Neptune during their deployment to Argentia, remaining in the air for 22 hours and 54 minutes. The flight was planned in honor of the 50th anniversary of Naval Aviation.
  • 8 Aug–Nov 1962: VP-23 deployed to NAF Sigonella, Sicily, relieving VP-16. Detachments were maintained at NAF Rota, Spain Almas, Sardinia and Soudha Bay, Crete. On 30 September two detachments of four aircraft each were put on standby at Ben Guerir, Morocco, and Lajes, Azores, for Test 66, the six-orbit space shot of Sign m a 7 containing Navy Commander Walter M. Shirra. The test concluded successfully and the detachments returned to NAF Sigonella on 5 October. From 21 October to 21 November 1962, the squadron was put on alert during the Cuban Missile Crisis, flying round-the-clock surveillance and ASW missions in support of the Sixth Fleet. Soviet surface units were kept under surveillance during transit of the Mediterranean Sea.
  • Feb 1963: While preparing to return from Operation Springboard exercises in Puerto Rico in late February, the squadron was tasked to locate another hijacked ship, the Venezuelan cargo vessel An zotegu i. Searches were conducted in the South Atlantic and Caribbean before the ship was discovered by VP-23 in the mouth of the Amazon.
  • Apr 1963: VP-23 was tasked with the futile search for survivors or debris from the Thresher (SSN 593) disaster. On 30 May a squadron aircraft flew the honorable John H. Reed, Governor of the State of Maine, to the site for a ceremonial drop of a memorial wreath to those who lost their lives in this tragedy.
  • 6 Sep 1963: VP-23 deployed a seven-aircraft detachment to NAS Guantanamo, Cuba, relieving VP-45. Numerous patrols were conducted in support of Cuban refugees adrift at sea.
  • 3 Dec 1967: A squadron aircraft, LJ-4 with crew 11, crashed in adverse weather off the end of the Otis AFB, Falmouth, Mass., runway. The crew egressed safely, but the aircraft was totally consumed by fire.
  • 15 Apr–Aug 1968: VP-23 deployed to NAF Sigonella, Sicily. On 1 August, a detachment deployed to Souda Bay, Crete, supported by Tallahatchie County (AVB 2).
  • 1 Nov 1968: The squadron had been scheduled for disestablishment on this date, but the decision was rescinded at the last moment by the Secretary of Defense.
  • 27 Jun–Aug 1969: VP-23 deployed to NAFSigonella, Sicily, relieving VP-21. During the deployment squadron aircraft made contacts on 37 Soviet Bloc submarines in the Mediterranean Sea. A minor accident occurred on 31 August when the nosewheel of one of the squadron’s aircraft collapsed during its landing roll. Only minor injuries were sustained by the crew and the aircraft was repairable.

  • Nov 1969–Jun 1970: The squadron received its first P-3B Orion, completing transition training on 15 June 1970. VP-23 was the last remaining active duty patrol squadron to fly the SP-2H, retiring its last Neptune on 20 February 1970.
  • 13 Jun–Jul 1974: The Seahawks deployed to NS Rota, Spain, with a detachment maintained at NAF Lajes, Azores. Three aircraft were sent to NAF Sigonella, Sicily, during the Cyprus unrest on 20 July in case the need arose to evacuate U.S. citizens. The detachment returned to Rota on 23 July.
  • 23 Mar–Apr 1978: The Seahawks deployed to NS Rota, Spain, with a four-aircraft/five-crew detachment maintained at Lajes, Azores. On 26 April 1978, aircraft LJ-04, BuNo. 152724, crashed at sea on landing approach to Lajes, killing seven. Cause of the accident was undetermined due to inability to recover aircraft remains from the extreme depths.
  • 18 Jul 1979: VP-23 became the first Navy patrol squadron to fire the new McDonnell Douglas Harpoon AGM-84 air-launched anti-ship missile. VP-23 was the first operational fleet patrol squadron to make an operational deployment with the Harpoon.
  • 5 Sep 1979–Jan 1980: VP-23 deployed to NAF Keflavik, Iceland, for NATO exercises. A detachment was maintained at the NATO airfield at Bodo, Norway. With the seizure of the American embassy in Iran, a detachment of three Harpoon equipped Orions was sent on 1 January 1980 to the island of Diego Garcia, B.I.O.T. The squadron’s performance earned it the Navy Unit Commendation.
  • 1 Jan 1980: VP-23 deployed from Keflavik, Iceland, to Diego Garcia and made its first operational flight out of the Indian Ocean base within 10 days after receiving orders, demonstrating its rapid deployment capability.
  • 12 Jun–Oct 1983: The squadron deployed to NAS Bermuda, with detachments in Panama Lajes, Azores and Roosevelt Roads, P.R. On 28 October 1983, VP-23 transported a film crew to observe a Victor III Soviet submarine that had been forced to surface after developing problems with its propulsion system while being tracked by the squadron and Mc Cloy (FF 1038). The film footage was used by all major television networks in their prime-time broadcasts.
  • 29 Oct–3 Nov 1983: VP-23 provided a three aircraft detachment at Puerto Rico for patrols in the vicinity of Grenada during Operation Urgent Fury, when U.S. forces landed in Grenada to protect the lives of Americans on the island.
  • 16 Jan–Apr 1985: The Seahawks deployed to NS Rota, Spain, with a detachment at Lajes, Azores. The Rota detachment supported the Sixth Fleet’s retaliatory strikes against Libya during the 24 March to 15 April 1986 period of operations.
  • May-Nov 1987: VP-23 deployed to NAS Keflavik Iceland
  • 10 May 1990: VP-23 deployed to NAS Bermuda, with a detachment at NAS Roosevelt Roads, P.R. The Puerto Rico detachment set a record assisting in the seizure of a 1,400-kilo batch of cocaine on a ship in the territorial waters of the Dominican Republic.
  • 26 Sep–Nov 1990: The squadron was tasked with providing a detachment at Jedda, Saudi Arabia to provide support for Operation Desert Shield.
  • 1 Nov 1991: VP-23 deployed to NAS Sigonella, Sicily. During the deployment a detachment was maintained at Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, in support of the UN embargo against Iraq.
  • 1994: VP-23 operated from NAS Sigonella, Sicily, on its last deployment. The squadron provided NATO forces in Bosnia with real-time tactical reconnaissance in support of Operation Deny Flight. The squadron’s P-3Cs, armed with AGM-65 Maverick missiles, flew more than 300 armed sorties in support of Operation Sharp Guard in the Adriatic Sea.
  • 7 Dec 1994: The squadron held a disestablishment ceremony at NAS Brunswick, Maine. 28 Feb 1995: VP-23 was disestablished at NAS Brunswick, Maine.

VP-23 Aircraft Assignment


23 May 1943 - History

1st Eighth Air Force WW II Bomber to complete 25 Combat Missions & return to the United States

The B-17 Flying Fortress "MEMPHIS BELLE" (Serial No. 41-24485) was one of 12,750 B-17's built by the Boeing Aircraft Co. The BELLE was the most famous because she was the first heavy bomber in Hitler's European war theatre to complete 25 combat missions and keep her entire crew alive. She flew for 10 months from November 7, 1942 to May 17,
1943. The command generals had set 25 missions as an incentive for air crews to go home. Morale was extremely low because 80% of the bombers were shot down during the first three months of America's combat flights over Europe.

The BELLE shot down eight enemy fighters, probably destroyed five others, and damaged at least a dozen more. She dropped more than 60 tons of bombs over Germany, France and Belgium. During her 25 missions she flew 148 hours, 50 minutes, and covered more than 20,000 combat miles. She is the only B-17 to have her own file in the Air Force Film Depository.

This gallant lady was bullet-ridden, flak damaged on five separate occasions had engines shot out and once came back with her tail nearly shot off. There was not one major injury to the crew members. The crew met their plane in Bangor, Maine for the first time in September, 1942. They flew their ship to Memphis, TN on a shakedown flight, where
she was christened MEMPHIS BELLE in honor of the pilot's wartime sweetheart, Ms. Margaret Polk. From there they flew across the Atlantic to their home base in Bassingbourn, England, just north of London. Bassingbourn is still an active English army base today.

The 26th mission of the BELLE was to return to the States during the summer of 1943 on a public relations tour to thank the American public for supporting the war effort. The crew visited more than 32 cities where they received a heroes' welcome. Their mascot, a Scotty dog named "Stuka", traveled across the Atlantic with them and participated in the PR tour.

The noseart was painted on the Belle by Cpl. Tony Starcer. The famous logo was designed by the famous artist George Petty, who created a series of pin-up girls for Esquire Magazine know as the "Petty Girls". After the public relations tour, the Belle flew stateside in the training command. In 1945 she ended up in an aircraft boneyard in Altus, OK. An enterprising reporter saw her, wrote a story of her plight, and contacted the Mayor of Memphis. The City bought her for $350 and on July 17, 1946, she was flown home to Memphis.

In 1950 the Belle was placed on a pedestal near the Army National Guard. In November, 1977, she was moved to the Air National Guard at the Memphis airport. During these years the vandals did what the Germans couldn't. They almost destroyed her! For the next nine years various fund raising efforts were made to restore the Belle. After a relentless, last
ditch effort by Frank Donofrio, a local businessman, the City agreed to donate a piece on land on Mud Island, where the historic bomber could be displayed. Federal Express and Boeing each donated $100,000 toward her restoration and the City donated $150,000. When Hugh Downs of TV's 20/20 aired the need for more money, the American people rose to the challenge and donated the rest of the $576,000. The MEMPHIS BELLE was saved and restored to a place of honor.

On May 17, 1987, 44 years after she flew her 25th mission, the Memphis Belle Pavilion was dedicated. Nearly 25,000 attended. Seven B-17's, the largest formation since WW II, flew overhead in salute and "bombed" the pavilion with thousands of rose pedals. Margaret Polk and the Belle crew looked on as the crowd cheered thunderously. A fitting tribute to the grandest lady of the sky! The Air Force has declared the Belle a national historic treasure. She will never be flown again! On August 29, 1992 Morgan completed his 27th mission. He married his present wife, Linda, in front of the Belle. Gen. Paul Tibbets, pilot of Enola Gay, gave the bride away!

THE 25 COMBAT MISSIONS OF THE B-17 MEMPHIS BELLE


When America entered the war in Europe flying sorties from English bases, the losses were as high as 82%. The war Department set 25 missions as an incentive for a crewman to go home. On 17 May 43 the B-17 Memphis Belle and her crew made military history as the first WWII bomber to complete 25 combat missions & return to the United States. They flew the Belle home in June 1943 and for three months flew her to 32 American cities to thank the American people for supporting the war effort.


1942
1. Nov. 7 Brest, France

2. Nov. 9 St. Nazaire, France

3. Nov. 17 St. Nazaire, France

6. Jan 3 St. Nazaire, France

11. Feb. 16 St. Nazaire, France

12. Feb. 26 Wilhelmshaven, Germany

16. Mar. 13 Abbeville, France

17. Mar. 22 Wilhelmshaven, Germany

22. May 1 St. Nazaire, France

24. May 15 Wilhelmshaven, Germany

THE CREW
Capt. Robert K. Morgan - Pilot
Capt. James Verinis - Copilot (Died 2003)
Capt. Vincent B. Evans - Bombardier (Died 1980)
Capt. Charles B. Leighton - Navigator (Died 1991)
T/Sgt. Harold P. Loch - Engineer/Top Gunner
T/Sgt. Robert Hanson - Radio Operator
S/Sgt. John P. Quinlan - Tail Gunner (Died 2002)
S/Sgt. Cecil H. Scott - Ball Turret Gunner (Died 1979)
S/Sgt. Clarence E. Winchell - L Waist Gunner (Died 1994)
S/Sgt. Casimer "Tony" Nastal - R Waist Gunner

Joe Giambrone - Crew Chief (Died 1992) - Who replaced 9 engines, both wings, two tails, and both main landing gear

Ms. Margaret Polk - The Memphis Belle (Died 1990)

OTHER PEOPLE WHO FLEW MISSIONS IN THE BELLE

Levi Dillon, 1st Top Turret Gunner. Flew four missions. (Died 1998)

Eugene Adkins, 2nd Top Turret Gunner, Flew six missions. Hands froze on 6th mission. (Died 1995)


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On This Day in History, 24 май

Hundreds of wedding guests fell two stories deep when a portion of the third floor collapsed. The tragedy was Israel's worst civil disaster.

1970 Engineers begin drilling the world's deepest hole

The Kola Superdeep Borehole had reached the unsurpassed depth of 12,262 meters (40,230 feet) before the project was abandoned due to a lack of funding.

1956 The first Eurovision Song Contest is held

Lys Assia won the first edition for Switzerland. The ESC is a major song contest in Europe and one of the world's longest-running TV programs. It is held in a different country each year.

1930 Amy Johnson flies solo from England to Australia

The English aviatrix was the first woman to achieve this feat. Her 18,000 km (11,000 mi) flight aboard a de Havilland Gypsy Moth aircraft took her from Croydon, U.K. to Darwin, Australia in 19 days.

1830 Mary had a little lamb is published

Sarah Josepha Hale's poem is one of the best-known English language nursery rhymes.


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March 23, 1943: On this date in Reds history, Lee May was born Birmingham, AL.

“The Big Bopper” made his major league debut with the Reds in 1965 and became the club’s starting first baseman in 1967. May won Sporting News National League Rookie Player of the Year honors for 1967, establishing himself as a feared power hitter. An All-Star with the Reds in 1969 and again in 1971, May averaged 37 home runs and 100 RBIs each season from 1969-1971 and was named the Reds’ team MVP for the 1971 season. On June 24, 1970, in the last game played at Crosley Field, May hit the last home run in the venerable ballpark’s history. Following the 1971 season, May and second baseman Tommy Helms were the key players traded to the Houston Astros in the deal that brought Joe Morgan to the Reds. Lee May was inducted into the Reds Hall of Fame in 2006. He passed away in his adopted hometown of Cincinnati on July 29, 2017.

# RedsHOFarchives : National League Baseball inscribed “Last Out of Playoffs” on loan to the Reds Hall of Fame from the Lee May Family. The Reds’ made their first playoff appearance in the 1970 National League Championship Series against the Pittsburgh Pirates. The Reds swept the best-of-five series and the final out of the clinching game was secured when the Pirates’ Al Oliver hit a ground ball to Reds second baseman Tommy Helms who threw to first baseman Lee May for the out that clinched the Reds’ first World Series appearance since 1961.


Allied War Losses

This page is probably not fully complete
It shows ships destroyed (lost) to all causes during the war.

During the war the Allies (Americans, United Kingdom and Commonwealth, France, Russia, Netherlands, . ) lost more than 1,900 warships to all causes. This listing shows them all.


The Somers class destroyer USS Warrington (i) (DD 383) of the US Navy. She was lost on 13 Sep 1944.

1940 Allied warship losses located.

Losses by navy

Royal Navy (1110)
US Navy (489)
Soviet Navy (138)
French Navy (95)
Royal Dutch Navy (59)
Royal Canadian Navy (31)
Royal Hellenic Navy (26)
Royal Norwegian Navy (23)
Royal Australian Navy (16)
Royal Indian Navy (12)
Polish Navy (12)
Free French Navy (9)
Italian Navy (7)
United States Coast Guard (5)
Royal New Zealand Navy (2)
Brazilian Navy (2)

This page shows all the Allied warships lost during World War Two. The page optionally is divided by navy for more compact listing.


Ships of the U.S. Navy, 1940-1945

  • Displacement: 387 tons (full load)
  • Length: 160'4"
  • Beam: 23'3"
  • Draft: Landing: 2'10" forward, 5'3" aft (LCI(G)-1--350) 2'8" forward, 5' aft (LCI(G)-351 & above)
  • Speed: 15.5 knots
  • Armament: 2-3 40mm, 3-4 20mm, 6 .50 cal, 10 Mk 7 & 2 Mk 22 rocket launchers
  • Complement: 5 officers, 65 enlisted
  • 8 GM diesels, twin screws
  • Converted from Landing Craft, Infantry (Large) -- LCI(L) for close-in fire support of landing operations

LCI(L) -- Landing Craft, Infantry (Large)

LCI(L)-1 Class

  • Displacement: 387 tons (full load)
  • Length: 160'
  • Beam: 23'3"
  • Draft:5'4" forward, 5'11" aft (full load)
  • Speed: 15.5 knots
  • Armament: 4 20mm
  • Complement 3 officers, 21 enlisted
  • Capacity: 6 officers and 182 troops or 75 tons cargo
  • 2 sets G.M. diesel engins twin variable-pitch screws, 1600 BHP

LCI(L)-351 Class

  • Displacement: 385 tons (full load)
  • Length: 160'4"
  • Beam: 23'3"
  • Draft: 5'8" forward, and aft (full load)
  • Speed: 15.5 knots
  • Armament: 5 20mm
  • Complement: 4 officers, 25 enlisted
  • Capacity: 9 officers, 200 enlisted or 75 tons cargo
  • 2 sets G.M. diesel engins twin variable-pitch screws, 1600 BHP

LCI(M) -- Landing Craft, Infantry (Mortar)

  • Displacement: 385 tons (full load)
  • Length: 160'4"
  • Beam: 23'3"
  • Draft: 5'4" forward, 5'11" aft (full load)
  • Speed: 15.5 knots
  • Armament: 1 40m, 3 4.2 chemical mortars, 4 20mm
  • Complement: 4 officers, 49 enlisted
  • 8 GM diesels, twin screws
  • Converted from LCI(L) and LCI(G)

LCI(R) -- Landing Craft, Infantry (Rocket)

  • Displacement: 385 tons (full load)
  • Length: 160'4"
  • Beam: 23'3"
  • Draft: 5'4" forward, 5'11" aft (full load)
  • Speed: 15.5 knots
  • Complement: 3 officers, 31 enlisted
  • Armament: 1 40mm, 4 20mm, 6 5" rocket launchers
  • 8 GM diesels, twin screws
  • Converted while building from LCI(L)s and LCI(G)s

LCS(L) -- Landing Craft, Support (Large)

Click on "LCS(L)-##" for link to page with specifications, history, photographs (where available).

  • Displacement: 383 tons (full load)
  • Length: 158'5"
  • Beam: 23'3"
  • Draft: 4'6" forward, 5'10" aft
  • Speed:
  • Armament: 1 3"/50 DP, 2x2 40mm, 4 20mm
  • Complement: 5 officers, 68 enlisted
  • 2 G.M. diesel engines, model 6051, 1800 hp.
  • Converted from LCI(L) hulls, but entirely rearranged internally
  • Provides fire support for landing operations intercepts and destroys inter-island barge traffic

Additional Resources

    LCSL National Association (1-130)
      Mr. Jeff Jeffers
      PO Box 9087
      Waukegan, IL 60079-9087
      847-623-7450 (O)
      847-360-0560 (H)
      Central Point, OR: Hellgate Press, 2000
      ISBN 1-55571-522-2
      Turner Publishing Company
      ISBN: 1-56311-251-5

    LCT -- Landing Craft, Tank

    Additional Links

    Mark 5 Type

    Additional Links

    • Displacement: 286 tons (landing)
    • Length: 117'6"
    • Beam: 32'
    • Draft: 2'10" forward, 4'2" aft (landing)
    • Speed: 8 knots
    • Armament: 2 20mm
    • Complement: 1 officer, 12 enlisted
    • Capacity: 5 30-ton or 4 40-ton or 3 50-ton tanks or 9 trucks or 150 tons cargo
    • 3 Gray 225 hp diesels, triple screws

    Mark VI Type

    • Displacement: 309 tons (landing)
    • Length: 119'
    • Beam: 32'
    • Draft: 3'7" forward, 4' aft (landing)
    • Speed: 8 knots
    • Armament: 2 20mm
    • Complement: 1 officer, 12 enlisted
    • Capacity: 4 medium or 3 50-ton tanks or 150 tons cargo accomodations for 8 troops
    • 3 Gray 225 hp diesels triple screws

    Return to HyperWar: World War II on the World Wide Web Last updated: 23 September 2010


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