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Prambanan

Prambanan Temple Compounds is the largest Hindu temple complex in Indonesia and one of the largest Hindu temples in south-east Asia.

It is characterised by its tall and pointed architecture, typical of Hindu temple architecture, and by the 47m high central building inside a large complex of individual temples. The temple complex dates from the 10th century, and is dedicated to Shiva.

Next to the main complex (called Loro Joggrang), the Buddhist Candi Sewu and the temples of Lumbumg, Burah and Asu also are part of this WHS.


History and legend

Scholars learned that the massive Hindu temple was first built in a smaller scale by Rakai Pikatan, a king from Sanjaya Dynasty of Mataram Kingdom in Central Java, and expanded by his successive kings into the massive complex that we know now. The initial temple was built around 850 CE, decades later than the establishment of the neighbouring Borobudur Temple that was built by the Syailendra Dynasty from the same kingdom, which holds Buddhism as its religion.

At 47 metres high, slightly taller than Borobudur, the king built Prambanan to honour the Hindu gods and mark the return of Hindu dynasty in Java after a long era of Buddhism. It’s unknown whether this is before or after the construction of Prambanan, but through a political marriage with princess Pramodawardhani from the Syailendra Dynasty, the king managed to merge the two dynasties and the kingdom holds both Hinduism and Buddhism as its religion.

But the Prambanan Temple was abandoned around the 10th century. Some say it was because of Mount Merapi’s eruption, while others believe it’s due to a political struggle. The kingdom moved its court to East Java, and the temple left forgotten, decayed due to abandonment and devastated by various natural disasters, including a major earthquake in the 16th century. The same fate happened to Borobudur, which lies about 50 km northwest of Prambanan.

In 1811, the British administration rediscovered the two temples by chance. But it’s not until 1930 that a restoration initiative started, a process that is still not nearly completed even until now.

Impressive and significant as it is, a more popular and interesting legend often takes precedence in social discourse when explaining how the grand structure came to be. The legend tells a story about a Javanese princess named Loro Jonggrang, whose father was defeated in battle and forced to marry the victor, Prince Bandung Bondowoso. She agreed to the marriage on the condition that the prince builds 1000 statues before sunrise. The princess panicked when she saw Prince Bandung almost completing the task with the help of the spirits, so she set fire to the east of the temple, tricking the roosters into thinking it was dawn. As the roosters crowed, the spirits fled, and the prince, furious by the princess’ trick, turned her into stone.


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Prambanan or Rara Jonggrang is a 9th-century Hindu temple compound in Special Region of Yogyakarta, Central Java, Indonesia, dedicated to the Trimūrti, the expression of God as the Creator (Brahma), the Preserver (Vishnu) and the Destroyer (Shiva).
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This temple is the largest Hindu temple site in Indonesia and the second-largest in Southeast Asia. It is characterized by its tall and pointed architecture, typical of Hindu architecture, and by the towering 47-metre-high (154 ft) central building inside a large complex of individual temples.
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The Prambanan temple is the largest Hindu temple of ancient Java, and the first building was completed in the mid-9th century. It was likely started by Rakai Pikatan as the Hindu Sanjaya Dynasty's answer to the Buddhist Sailendra Dynasty's Borobudur and Sewu temples nearby. Historians suggest that the construction of Prambanan probably was meant to mark the return of the Hindu Sanjaya Dynasty to power in Central Java after almost a century of Buddhist Sailendra Dynasty domination. The construction of this massive Hindu temple signifies that the Medang court had shifted its patronage from Mahayana Buddhism to Shaivite Hinduism.
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A temple was first built at the site around 850 CE by Rakai Pikatan and expanded extensively by King Lokapala and Balitung Maha Sambu the Sanjaya king of the Mataram Kingdom. According to the Shivagrha inscription of 856 CE, the temple was built to honor Lord Shiva, and its original name was Shiva-grha (the House of Shiva) or Shiva-laya (the Realm of Shiva).
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Credit - @vertigowarrior & Google & @indiatales7
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Hara Hara Mahadeva
Om Namah Shivay
Om Namo Narayanaya
Hare Rama Hare Krishna
Jai Mata Di
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# prambanan # prambanantemple # java # centraljava # indonesia # indonesia_photography # indonesiatourism # indonesiatemple # yogyakarta # rarajonggrang # trimurti # bramha # vishnu # maheshwara # 9thcentury # sanjayadynasty # largestreligiousmonumentintheworld # asia # asianculture # asianarchitecture # asiantemple # asiancountry # temples # hindutemplearchitecture # exploreindonesia # exploreindia # thegenuineindia # explorephotography # explorekarnataka # explore
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Lara Jonggrang complex

The Prambanan temple complex consists of three zones. A large space marked by a rectangular wall (destroyed) marks the outer zone. The original function remains unknown, possibly a sacred park or priests' boarding school (ashram). The supporting buildings for the temple complex had been made of wood that deteriorated over the centuries.

The middle zone consisted of four rows of 224 individual small shrines. Those concentric rows of temples followed identical designs, each row slightly elevated towards the center. Called "Candi Perwara" or complimentary temples, they belong to the main temple complex. Some believe Candi Perwara had been offered to the king as a sign of devotion. The Perwara configure in four rows around the central temples, possibly signifying the four castes, devotees entering according to their rank. Priests alone could access the row nearest to the central compound, while nobles, knights, and common people respectively accessed the other three. Conversely, the four rows of Perwara may have had nothing to do with four castes, simply serving as meditation places for priests and as worship places for devotees.

The central compound represents the holiest of the three zones. A square stone wall with stone gates on each of the four cardinal points surrounds the square elevated platform. The three main shrines or Trimurti ("three forms") had been dedicated to three gods: Brahma the Creator, Vishnu the Keeper, and Shiva the Destroyer. That holiest compound has eight main shrines or candi. The other three shrines in front of three main temples have been dedicated to Vahana. Between those rows of the main temple, on north and south side, stand two Candi Apit. Beside those eight main temples, eight smaller shrines exist four Candi Kelir on the four cardinal directions of the entrances, and four Candi Patok on four corners.

The Shiva shrine at the center contains five chambers four smaller chambers on each cardinal direction and one larger main chamber in central part of the temple. The east chamber connects to central chamber which houses a three meter high statue of Shiva Mahadeva. The statue of Shiva stands on Yoni pedestal that bears the carving of Naga serpents on north side of pedestal. The other three smaller chambers contain statues of Hindu Gods related to Shiva his consort Durga, the rishi Agastya, and Ganesha, his son. A statue of Agastya occupies the south chamber, the west chamber houses a statue of Ganesha, while the north chamber contains a statue of Durga Mahisasuramardini depicting Durga as the slayer of Bull demon. The shrine of Durga also has been called the temple of Lara Jonggrang (Javanese: Slender virgin), after a Javanese legend of princess Lara Jonggrang.

The two other main shrines have been dedicated to Vishnu and Brahma the shrine on the north side of Shiva shrine has been dedicated to Vishnu and the shrine on the south side to Brahma. Both temples face east, each containing only one large chamber dedicated to their respective gods. In front of each main temple smaller temples stand dedicated to their respective gods: The bull Nandi for Shiva, the gander Angsa for Brahma, and Vishnu's Eagle Garuda. Garuda holds an important place in Indonesia serving as the national symbol of Indonesia.

The bas-reliefs along the balustrades on the gallery around Shiva and Brahma temples depict the Ramayana legend. They illustrate how Ravana abducted Sita, the wife of Rama. The monkey king Hanuman brings his army to help Rama and rescue Sita. The Ramayana Ballet performs this myth regularly on a full moon at Trimurti's illuminated open air theater in Prambanan complex. On the balustrades in Vishnu temple series of bas-reliefs depict the story of lord Krishna.

The legend

The popular legend of Lara Jonggrang connects the site of Ratu Boko Palace, the origin of Durga statue in northern cella (chamber) of the main shrine, and the origin of Sewu temple complex nearby. The legend tells the story of how Prince Bandung Bondowoso fell in love with Princess Lara Jonggrang, the daughter of King Boko. But the princess rejected his proposal of marriage because Bandung Bondowoso had killed King Boko and ruled her kingdom. Bandung Bondowoso insisted on the union. Finally, Lara Jonggrang agreed to the union in marriage under duress, but she required one impossible condition: Bandung must build her a thousand temples in just one night.

The Prince entered into meditation and conjured up a multitude of spirits (demons) from the earth. Helped by supernatural beings, he succeed in building 999 temples. With the prince on the verge of success, the princess awoke her palace maids, ordering the women of the village to begin pounding rice. They set a fire in the east of the temple, attempting to make the prince and the spirits believe that dawn had come. As the cocks began to crow, fooled by the light and the sounds of morning, the supernatural helpers fled back into the ground. The prince, furious about the trick, in revenge cursed Lara Jongrang, turning her into a stone. She became the last and the most beautiful of the thousand statues. According to the tradition, the unfinished thousand temples created by the demons became the Sewu temple compounds nearby (Sewu means "thousands" in Javanese). The Princess became the image of Durga in the north cella of the Shiva temple at Prambanan, still known as Lara Jongrang, or Slender Virgin.


Arsitektur [ sunting | sunting sumber ]

Arsitektur candi Prambanan berpedoman kepada tradisi arsitektur Hindu yang berdasarkan kitab Wastu Sastra/Kitab Silpastra. Denah candi megikuti pola mandala, sementara bentuk candi yang tinggi menjulang merupakan ciri khas candi Hindu. Prambanan memiliki nama asli Siwagrha dan dirancang menyerupai rumah Siwa, yaitu mengikuti bentuk gunung suci Mahameru, tempat para dewa bersemayam. Seluruh bagian kompleks candi mengikuti model alam semesta menurut konsep kosmologi Hindu, yakni terbagi atas beberapa lapisan ranah, alam atau Loka.

Seperti Borobudur, Prambanan juga memiliki tingkatan zona candi, mulai dari yang kurang suci hingga ke zona yang paling suci. Meskipun berbeda nama, tiap konsep Hindu ini memiliki sandingannya dalam konsep Buddha yang pada hakikatnya hampir sama. Baik lahan denah secara horisontal maupun vertikal terbagi atas tiga zona: ⎟]

  • Bhurloka (dalam Buddhisme: Kamadhatu), adalah ranah terendah makhluk yang fana manusia, hewan, juga makhluk halus Hantu dan iblis. Di ranah ini manusia masih terikat dengn hawa nafsu, hasrat, dan cara hidup yang tidak suci. Halaman terlar dan kaki candi melambangkan ranah bhurloka.
  • Bwahloka (dalam Buddhisme: Rupadhatu), adalah alam tegah, tempat orang suci, resi, pertapa, dan dewata rendahan. Di alam ini manusia mulai melihat cahaya kebenaran. Halaman tengah dan tubuh candi melambangkan ranah bwahloka.
  • Swahloka (dalam Buddhisme: Arupadhatu), adalah ranah trtinggi sekaligus tersuci tempat para dewa Hapsara Hapsari Bidadari bersemayam, juga disebut swargaloka. Halaman dalam dan atap candi melambangkan ranah swahloka. Atap candi-candi di kompleks Prambanan dihiasi dengan kemuncak mastaka berupa ratna (Sanskerta: permata), bentuk ratna Prambanan merupakan modifikasi bentuk wajra yang melambangkan intan atau halilintar. Dalam arsitektur Hindu Jawa kuno, ratna adalah sandingan Hindu untuk stupa Buddha, yang berfungsi sebagai kemuncak atau mastaka candi.

Pada saat pemugaran, tepat di bawah arca Siwa di bawah ruang utama candi Siwa terdapat sumur yang didasarnya terdapat pripih (kotak batu). Sumur ini sedalam 5,75 meter dan peti batu pripih ini ditemukan di atas timbunan arang kayu, tanah, dan tulang belulang hewan korban. Di dalam pripih ini terdapat benda-benda suci seperti lembaran emas dengan aksara bertuliskan Baruna (dewa laut) dan Parwata (dewa gunung). Dalam peti batu ini terdapat lembaran tembaga bercampur arang, abu, dan tanah, 20 keping uang kuno, beberapa butir permata, kaca, potongan emas, dan lembaran perak, cangkang kerang, dan 12 lembaran emas (5 diantaranya berbentuk kura-kura, ular naga (kobra), padma, altar, dan telur). ⎠]


The Prambanan Temple Compound: And Its 240 Ancient Rocket-Like Hindu Structures

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Prambanan is a set of more than 200 Hindu temples built in the distant past and dedicated to the Trímurti, the expression of God as the Creator (Brahma), the Preserver (Vishnu) and the Destroyer (Shivá).

This magnificent ancient site is located about 18 km east of Yogyakarta.

The temples are believed to have been built during the 9th century under the Sanjaya dynasty of the first Kingdom of Mataram in the Central Java region.

An inscription dated in the year 856 marks what is possibly its founding stone.

Prambanan is considered the most significant Hindu temple site in Indonesia, and one of the biggest in Southeast Asia.

The stunning rocket-like structures are characterized by its tall and pointed architecture style, which, according to historians, are typical of Hindu architecture and by a towering 47-meter-high central building inside a large complex of individual temples. Scholars note that the design of Prambanan temple follows the typical Hindu architecture traditions based on Vastu Shastra— a traditional Hindu system of architecture which translates to “science of architecture.

Prambanan, built in honor to Shiva

According to the Shivagrha inscription of 856 CE, the Prambanan Temple Compound was built to honor Lord Shiva. Scholars argue that its original name was either Shiva-grha (the House of Shiva) or Shiva-laya (the Realm of Shiva).

Its architecture is unlike anything I’ve ever come across.

According to historical reference, there were originally 240 temples standing in Prambanan.

#prambanan #yogyakarta

A post shared by Mayo Martin (@mayomanok) on Jan 24, 2018 at 10:14pm PST

The Prambanan Temple Compound consists of:

  • 3 Trimurti temples: The three main temples dedicated to Shiva, Visnu, and Brahma.
  • 3 Vahana temples: three temples in front of Trimurti temples dedicated to the vahana of each gods Nandi, Garuda, and Hamsa.
  • 2 Apit temples: two temples located between the rows of Trimurti and Vahana temples on north and south side.
  • 4 Kelir temples: four small shrines located on 4 cardinal directions right beyond the 4 main gates of inner zone.
  • 4 Patok temples: four small shrines located on 4 corners of the inner zone.
  • 224 Pervara temples: hundreds of temples arranged in 4 concentric square rows numbers of temples from inner row to outer row are: 44, 52, 60, and 68.

As noted by Lonely Planet, the temple compound suffered extensive damage in the 2006 earthquake. Although the temples survived, hundreds of stone blocks collapsed to the ground and cracked (479 in the Shiva temple alone).


History of Prambanan (Roro Jonggrang)

Once in the days of yore, stands a very large empire named Prambanan. Prambanan is the people peace and prosperity under the leadership of king named King Baka. Small kingdoms in the region around Prambanan also very submissive and respect the leadership of King Baka.

Meanwhile, in another place, there is one kingdom that is not less great as the kingdom of Prambanan, the kingdom Pengging. The kingdom was known to be very arrogant and always want to expand their authority area. Pengging kingdom has a powerful warrior named Bondowoso. He has a powerful weapon called Bandung, so Bondowoso known as Bondowoso. Besides having a powerful weapon, Bondowoso also has an army of Jin. The army used to help Bondowoso to attack other kingdoms and possessions.

Until one point, King Pengging Bondowoso call arrogant. Pengging king was then ordered to attack the kingdom Bondowoso Prambanan. The next day Bondowoso Jin called his hosts in the form of assembly, and immediately left for the Kingdom of Prambanan.

Arriving at Prambanan, they immediately burst into the palace of Prambanan. Prabu Baka and his troops scrambling, because they are less preparation. Bondowoso finally managed to occupy the kingdom of Prambanan, and King Baka died from a gun Bondowoso.

Bondowoso victory and his troops welcomed by King Pengging. Then the King was mandated Pengging Bondowoso to occupy the Palace of Prambanan and take care of everything in it, including the family of King Baka.

At Bondowoso Prambanan live in the Royal Palace, he saw a very beautiful woman. The woman is Roro Jonggrang, daughter of King Baka. When viewing Roro Jonggrang, Bondowoso starts fell in love. Without thinking anymore, Bondowoso and apply immediately called Roro Jonggrang.

“O Roro Jonggrang, would be empress if thee?”, Tanya Bondowoso on Jonggrang Roro.

Hearing the question of Bondowoso, Roro Jonggrang was silent and seemed confused. Actually, he hates Bondowoso, having killed his father, whom she loved. But on the other hand, Roro Jonggrang fear Bondowoso refused application. Finally, after thinking a moment, Roro Jonggrang also find a way to Bondowoso not consummate the marriage.

“Okay, I accept your proposal. But after you meet me on one condition, “said Roro Jonggrang.
“That your requirements?”, Tanya Bandawasa Bandung.
“Make me a thousand temples and two wells in one night”, Answer Jonggrang Roro.

Hearing as requested Jonggrang Roro, the Bondowoso was immediately approved it. He feels that it is a condition that is very easy for him, because the army has Bondowoso Jin very much.

In the evening, London Bandawasa began collecting his hosts. In an instant, in the form of Jin army was coming. Upon hearing the command of Bondowoso, the army was immediately construct temples and wells very quickly. Roro Jonggrang who witnessed the construction of the temple began to get nervous and scared, because in two-thirds of the night, only three temples and a well of course they have not yet completed. Roro Jonggrang then think hard, looking for ways to Bondowoso can not meet its requirements.

After thinking hard, Roro Jonggrang finally found a way out. He will make the atmosphere be like in the morning, so stop making Jin the temple. Roro Jonggrang immediately called all the ladies in waiting at the palace. Lady’s maid was given the task of Roro Jonggrang to burn straw, sounded a mortar, and laying flowers that smell fragrant scent. Heard the command of Roro Jonggrang, ladies in waiting soon burn straw. Soon the sky was rosy pink, and mortar began to be sounded. Fragrant smell of flowers that spread began to smell, and the cock began to crow.

See the sky red, the sound of mortar, and smell the fragrance of flowers, the troops began to leave Bondowoso job. They thought the day had started early, and they had to go. Seeing his hosts go, Bondowoso shouted: “Hi waorior, today morning. Return to complete construction of this temple! ”

The genie is still going, and ignoring cries Bondowoso. Bondowoso felt very upset, and eventually completed the construction of the left temple. But it was bad luck, not finished building the temple, morning has come. Bondowoso also failed to meet the requirements of Roro Jonggrang. Knowing failure Bondowoso, then went to Roro Jonggrang Bondowoso. “You failed to qualify from me, Bondowoso,” said Roro Jonggrang. Roro Jonggrang hear the word, Bondowoso very angry. With a very loud tone, Bondowoso said: “You cheated Jonggrang Roro. Actually, that thou art a thousand thwart the development of this temple. Therefore, I curse you that there is a statue in the temple of the thousandth! ”

Thanks to the miracle of Bondowoso, Roro Jonggrang turned into a statue / sculpture. The form of statues are up to now can be seen in the Prambanan temple complex, and the name of the temple is known as Roro Jonggrang temple. While the temples are located in the vicinity called the Temple or Temple of a Thousand Sewu.Once in the days of yore, stands a very large empire named Prambanan. Prambanan is the people peace and prosperity under the leadership of king named King Baka. Small kingdoms in the region around Prambanan also very submissive and respect the leadership of King Baka. Meanwhile, in another place, there is one kingdom that is not less great as the kingdom of Prambanan, the kingdom Pengging. The kingdom was known to be very arrogant and always want to expand their authority area. Pengging kingdom has a powerful warrior named Bondowoso. He has a powerful weapon called Bandung, so Bondowoso known as Bondowoso. Besides having a powerful weapon, Bondowoso also has an army of Jin. The army used to help Bondowoso to attack other kingdoms and possessions.

Until one point, King Pengging Bondowoso call arrogant. Pengging king was then ordered to attack the kingdom Bondowoso Prambanan. The next day Bondowoso Jin called his hosts in the form of assembly, and immediately left for the Kingdom of Prambanan. Arriving at Prambanan, they immediately burst into the palace of Prambanan. Prabu Baka and his troops scrambling, because they are less preparation. Bondowoso finally managed to occupy the kingdom of Prambanan, and King Baka died from a gun Bondowoso. Bondowoso victory and his troops welcomed by King Pengging. Then the King was mandated Pengging Bondowoso to occupy the Palace of Prambanan and take care of everything in it, including the family of King Baka.

At Bondowoso Prambanan live in the Royal Palace, he saw a very beautiful woman. The woman is Roro Jonggrang, daughter of King Baka. When viewing Roro Jonggrang, Bondowoso starts fell in love. Without thinking anymore, Bondowoso and apply immediately called Roro Jonggrang. “O Roro Jonggrang, would be empress if thee?”, Tanya Bondowoso on Jonggrang Roro.

Hearing the question of Bondowoso, Roro Jonggrang was silent and seemed confused. Actually, he hates Bondowoso, having killed his father, whom she loved. But on the other hand, Roro Jonggrang fear Bondowoso refused application. Finally, after thinking a moment, Roro Jonggrang also find a way to Bondowoso not consummate the marriage.

“Okay, I accept your proposal. But after you meet me on one condition, “said Roro Jonggrang.
“Is it your requirements?”, ask Bandawasa Bandung.
“Make me a thousand temples and two wells in one night”, Answer Jonggrang Roro.

Hearing as requested Jonggrang Roro, the Bondowoso was immediately approved it. He feels that it is a condition that is very easy for him, because the army has Bondowoso Jin very much. In the evening, London Bandawasa began collecting his hosts. In an instant, in the form of Jin army was coming. Upon hearing the command of Bondowoso, the army was immediately construct temples and wells very quickly. Roro Jonggrang who witnessed the construction of the temple began to get nervous and scared, because in two-thirds of the night, only three temples and a well of course they have not yet completed. Roro Jonggrang then think hard, looking for ways to Bondowoso can not meet its requirements. After thinking hard, Roro Jonggrang finally found a way out. He will make the atmosphere be like in the morning, so stop making Jin the temple.

Roro Jonggrang immediately called all the ladies in waiting at the palace. Lady’s maid was given the task of Roro Jonggrang to burn straw, sounded a mortar, and laying flowers that smell fragrant scent. Heard the command of Roro Jonggrang, ladies in waiting soon burn straw. Soon the sky was rosy pink, and mortar began to be sounded. Fragrant smell of flowers that spread began to smell, and the cock began to crow. See the sky red, the sound of mortar, and smell the fragrance of flowers, the troops began to leave Bondowoso job. They thought the day had started early, and they had to go. Seeing his hosts go, Bondowoso shouted: “Hi balatentaraku, yet today morning. Return to complete construction of this temple! ”

The genie is still going, and ignoring cries Bondowoso. Bondowoso felt very upset, and eventually completed the construction of the left temple. But it was bad luck, not finished building the temple, morning has come. Bondowoso also failed to meet the requirements of Roro Jonggrang. Knowing failure Bondowoso, then went to Roro Jonggrang Bondowoso. “You failed to qualify from me, Bondowoso,” said Roro Jonggrang. Roro Jonggrang hear the word, Bondowoso very angry. With a very loud tone, Bondowoso said: “You cheated Jonggrang Roro. Actually, that thou art a thousand thwart the development of this temple. Therefore, I curse you that there is a statue in the temple of the thousandth! ”

Thanks to the miracle of Bondowoso, Roro Jonggrang turned into a statue / sculpture. The form of statues are up to now can be seen in the Prambanan temple complex, and the name of the temple is known as Roro Jonggrang temple. While the temples are located in the vicinity called the Temple or Temple of a Thousand Sewu.Once in the days of yore, stands a very large empire named Prambanan. Prambanan is the people peace and prosperity under the leadership of king named King Baka. Small kingdoms in the region around Prambanan also very submissive and respect the leadership of King Baka.

Meanwhile, in another place, there is one kingdom that is not less great as the kingdom of Prambanan, the kingdom Pengging. The kingdom was known to be very arrogant and always want to expand their authority area. Pengging kingdom has a powerful warrior named Bondowoso. He has a powerful weapon called Bandung, so Bondowoso known as Bondowoso. Besides having a powerful weapon, Bondowoso also has an army of Jin. The army used to help Bondowoso to attack other kingdoms and possessions.

Until one point, King Pengging Bondowoso call arrogant. Pengging king was then ordered to attack the kingdom Bondowoso Prambanan. The next day Bondowoso Jin called his hosts in the form of assembly, and immediately left for the Kingdom of Prambanan. Arriving at Prambanan, they immediately burst into the palace of Prambanan. Prabu Baka and his troops scrambling, because they are less preparation. Bondowoso finally managed to occupy the kingdom of Prambanan, and King Baka died from a gun Bondowoso. Bondowoso victory and his troops welcomed by King Pengging. Then the King was mandated Pengging Bondowoso to occupy the Palace of Prambanan and take care of everything in it, including the family of King Baka.

At Bondowoso Prambanan live in the Royal Palace, he saw a very beautiful woman. The woman is Roro Jonggrang, daughter of King Baka. When viewing Roro Jonggrang, Bondowoso starts fell in love. Without thinking anymore, Bondowoso and apply immediately called Roro Jonggrang.
“O Roro Jonggrang, would be Permaisuriku if thee?”, Tanya Bondowoso on Jonggrang Roro.
Hearing the question of Bondowoso, Roro Jonggrang was silent and seemed confused. Actually, he hates Bondowoso, having killed his father, whom she loved. But on the other hand, Roro Jonggrang fear Bondowoso refused application. Finally, after thinking a moment, Roro Jonggrang also find a way to Bondowoso not consummate the marriage.

“Okay, I accept your proposal. But after you meet me on one condition, “said Roro Jonggrang.
“Thatyour requirements ?”, Tanya Bandawasa Bandung.
“Make me a thousand temples and two wells in one night”, Answer Jonggrang Roro.
Hearing as requested Jonggrang Roro, the Bondowoso was immediately approved it. He feels that it is a condition that is very easy for him, because the army has Bondowoso Jin very much. In the evening, London Bandawasa began collecting his hosts. In an instant, in the form of Jin army was coming. Upon hearing the command of Bondowoso, the army was immediately construct temples and wells very quickly. Roro Jonggrang who witnessed the construction of the temple began to get nervous and scared, because in two-thirds of the night, only three temples and a well of course they have not yet completed.
Roro Jonggrang then think hard, looking for ways to Bondowoso can not meet its requirements.

After thinking hard, Roro Jonggrang finally found a way out. He will make the atmosphere be like in the morning, so stop making Jin the temple. Roro Jonggrang immediately called all the ladies in waiting at the palace. Lady’s maid was given the task of Roro Jonggrang to burn straw, sounded a mortar, and laying flowers that smell fragrant scent. Heard the command of Roro Jonggrang, ladies in waiting soon burn straw. Soon the sky was rosy pink, and mortar began to be sounded. Fragrant smell of flowers that spread began to smell, and the cock began to crow. See the sky red, the sound of mortar, and smell the fragrance of flowers, the troops began to leave Bondowoso job. They thought the day had started early, and they had to go. Seeing his hosts go, Bondowoso shouted: “Hi balatentaraku, yet today morning. Return to complete construction of this temple! ”

The genie is still going, and ignoring cries Bondowoso. Bondowoso felt very upset, and eventually completed the construction of the left temple. But it was bad luck, not finished building the temple, morning has come. Bondowoso also failed to meet the requirements of Roro Jonggrang. Knowing failure Bondowoso, then went to Roro Jonggrang Bondowoso. “You failed to qualify from me, Bondowoso,” said Roro Jonggrang. Roro Jonggrang hear the word, Bondowoso very angry. With a very loud tone, Bondowoso said: “You cheated Jonggrang Roro. Actually, that thou art a thousand thwart the development of this temple. Therefore, I curse you that there is a statue in the temple of the thousandth! ”

Thanks to the miracle of Bondowoso, Roro Jonggrang turned into a statue / sculpture. The form of statues are up to now can be seen in the Prambanan temple complex, and the name of the temple is known as Roro Jonggrang temple. While the temples are located in the vicinity called the Candi Sewu


Interesting facts about Prambanan

Prambanan is the largest and most beautiful Hindu temple complex in Indonesia.

It is the masterpiece of Hindu culture of the ninth century.

Prambanan is a collection of massive Hindu temples (candi) built by the Mataram Kingdom, rulers of central Java and defeaters of the Sailendra Dynasty.

A temple was first built at the site around 850 CE by Rakai Pikatan and expanded extensively by King Lokapala and Balitung Maha Sambu the Sanjaya king of the Mataram Kingdom.

It is dedicated to the Trimurti (Trinity of the formless supreme God), the expression of God as the Creator (Brahma), the Preserver (Vishnu) and the Destroyer (Shiva).

The complex is laid out in the form of a mandala, and features the towering, broad spires that are typical of Hindu temple architecture, and represent Meru, the holy mountain where the gods live.

Originally there were 240 temples in the complex but many of them have deteriorated or been looted leaving just scattered stones.

The Prambanan temple complex consists of three zones first the outer zone, second the middle zone that contains hundreds of small temples, and third the holiest inner zone that contains eight main temples and likewise, eight small shrines.

The three main inner shrines are dedicated to Brahma the Creator, Vishnu the Keeper and Shiva the Destroyer.

The three towers cut a striking figure in any conditions, but are perhaps most breathtaking when lit up at night.

The Shiva temple dedicated to Shiva the Destroyer is the tallest and largest structure in Prambanan complex, it measures 47 meters (154 feet) tall and 34 meters (111 feet) wide. Relief sculptures around the perimeter tell the story of the Ramayana.

The Shiva temple contains five chambers, four small chambers in every cardinal direction and one bigger main chamber in central part of the temple. The largest chamber contains a three meter (10 feet) high statue of Shiva Mahadeva.

North of Shiva Temple is Vishnu Temple, dedicated to Vishnu the Preserver.It measures 20 meters (65 feet) wide and 33 meters (108 feet) tall. Relief sculptures around its perimeter tell the story of Lord Krishna, an avatar of Vishnu.

South of Shiva Temple is Brahma Temple, dedicated to Brahma the Creator. It also measures 20 meters (65 feet) wide and 33 meters (108 feet) tall. Relief sculptures around the perimeter tell the story of the Ramayana.

The narrative bas-relief panels was carved along the inner balustrades wall on the gallery around the three main temples.

The other three shrine in front of three main temples is dedicated to vehicle (vahana) of the respective gods – the bull Nandi for Shiva, the sacred swan Hamsa for Brahma, and Vishnu’s Kite Garuda.

Between these row of main temple, on north and south side stands two Candi Apit temples. Apit in Javanese means “flank”, it refer to the two temples position that flanked the inner courtyard in north and south sides.

The middle zone consists of four rows of 224 identical, concentrically arranged shrines. Most of these are in ruins but a few have been fully restored. These shrines are called Candi Perwara (guardian temples).

The outer zone is a large open space that was once bounded by a large wall (long gone). The function of this space is disputed but was probably either a park/relaxation garden or the site of an ashram for temple priests brahmins.

The other name of this temple is the Lorojonggrang temple.

A major earthquake in the 16th century caused serious damage to the already crumbling and largely forgotten temples.

The British rediscovered Prambanan, along with Borobudur, in the early 19th century.

Half-hearted excavations by archaeologists in the 1880s facilitated looting. In 1918, the Dutch began
reconstruction of the compound and proper restoration only in 1930. Efforts at restoration continue to this day. The reconstruction of the main Shiva temple was completed around 1953 and inaugurated by Sukarno (the first President of Indonesia).

Prambanan was selected as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1991.


Ramayana Ballet

A great place for dinner and a show!

Just across the river from Candi Prambanan is an open-air theater that hosts performances of the Ramayana ballet. If you haven’t had dinner yet, don’t worry – they’ve got a buffet set up just outside of the theater. In the rainy season, the show moves indoors to the Trimurti theater.

Some scenes of the performance.

This incredible performance – with one of the world’s finest religious monuments as the backdrop – is an experience not to be missed. The show doesn’t go on every night, so make sure you plan ahead if you really want to catch it. For more information on performance dates and ticket options, check out this summary.

We’ll have video highlights of the temple and the performance in the coming weeks, so subscribe to the YouTube channel to make sure you don’t miss them.

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Watch the video: Prambanan, Java, Indonesia in 4K Ultra HD (May 2022).