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Vanderbilt SwStr - History

Vanderbilt SwStr - History


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Vanderbilt

(SwStr.: dp. 3,360, 1. 331', b. 47'6", dr 19' s. 14 k.
a. 2 100-pdr. P.r., 12 9" D.sb., 1 12-pdr.)

Vanderoilt-originally a transatlantic passenger and mail steamer-was built by Jeremiah Simonson of Greenpoint, Long Island, N.Y., in 1856 and 1857; chartered by the Army shortly after the start of the Civil War in April 1861 offered to the Atmy by her owner, Commodore Cornelius Vanderbilt, in early 1862; and transferred to the Navy on 24 March.

Popilarly known as "Vanderbilt's Yacht," the former flagship of Commodore Cornelius Vanderbilt's North Atlantic Mail Steamship Line began her military career in Hampton Roads, Va., intended for use as a ram against the Confederate ironclad CSS Virginia. Commodore Vanderbilt, himself, suggested filling the bow of the vessel with concrete and reinforcing it with iron plating. This was not done, however, and Vanderbilt was turned over to the Navy on 24 March and fitted with a heavy battery of 15 guns at the New York Navy Yard during the summer of 1862. She left New York on 10 November and-after conducting a brief search for CSS Alabama, the most destructive Confederate commerce raider of the entire war-put into Hampton Roads on 17 January 1863.

Ten days later, Vanderbilt received orders to conduct a much longer and more thorough search for Alabama. This year-long cruise took the vessel to the West Indies, eastern coast of South America, Cape of Good Hope, St. Helena, Cape Verde, the Canary Islands Spain and Portugal. During the West Indies portion of her deployment, Vanderbilt served as flagship of Commodore Charles Wilkes' Flying Squadron. During the search, Vanderbuilt captured the blockade-running British steamer Peterhoff on 25 February, off St. Thomas, Virgin Islands, causing a dispute between the British and Americans as to the disposition of mail carried aboard the steamer. President Lincoln eventually ordered the mail returned to the British. Vanderbilt's captures also included the British blockade runner Gertrude, taken off Eleuthera Island in the Bahamas on 16 April, and the British bark Sa.ro11 seized at Angra Peguena, Africa, on 30 October. Saxon was suspected of having rendezvoused with and taken cargo off CSS Tuscaloosa earlier. However, pursuing leads as to the whereabouts of Alabama herself, became increasingly frustrating as Vanderbilt would often arrive at a port only to discover that her quarry had departed only a few hours earlier. She eventually returned to New York in January 1864 for repairs without ever having sighted the Confederate vessel.

Vanderbilt left New York in September and cruised off Halifax, Nova Scotia, searching for blockade runners. The Halifax-Wilmington, N.C., route for blockade runners was used heavily at this time owing to outbreaks of yellow fever at Bermuda and Nassau. Nevertheless, the Union cruiser failed to take any prizes and put into Boston, Mass., on 13 October. She was deployed with the blockade off Wilmington in November and participated in the unsuccessful first amphibious assault upon Confederate Fort Fisher in the Cape Fear River, N.C., on 24 and 25 December. The Fleet took the fort during a second amphibious assault on 13 and 15 January 1865. Vanderbilt returned to New York in late January, remaining until 24 March when she left for the Gulf of Mexico ferrying new recruits. From there, she proceeded to Charleston, S.C., towing the uncompleted Confederate ram Columbia from Charleston to Norfolk in May, and towed the Onondaga from Norfolk to New York in June. Vanderbilt served as a receiving ship at the Portsmouth ( N.H. ) Navy Yard during the summer of 1865.

The Civil War now over, Vanderbilt sailed from Portsmouth on 14 August and put into the Philadelphia Navy Yard on 27 August to be fitted out for a cruise around Cape Horn. She left Philadelphia on 25 October and arrived in Hampton Roads three days later. There, she was designated flagship of a special squadron consisting of herself, Tuscarora, Powhatan, and Moradnock. The squadron was commanded by Commodore John Rodgers and intended to increase the Pacific Squadron to a 14-ship force. The vessels left Hampton Roads on 2 November and arrived at San Francisco, Calif., on 21 June 1866 after stopping at most major South American ports while circumnavigating the South American continent.

Vanderbilt was decommissioned at Mare Island Calif., on 30 June, but was soon recommissioned and on 13 October, sailed from San Francisco to Honolulu, Hawaii, with the Hawaiian monarch, Queen Emma on board. The cruiser returned to San Francisco on 3 December and remained there at anchor until placed in ordinary at Mare Island on 24 May 1867. She lay there, in ordinary, until sold on 1 April 1873 to Howe & Company of San Francisco. Her new owners removed her machinery, gave her a graceful clipper bow, and full rigging. Renamed Three Brothers, she spent most of her time in the grain trade between San Francisco, Le Havre, Liverpool, and New York where she acquired an enviable reputation for speed and handling. "Vanderbilt's Yacht" served successive owners until 1899, at which time the vessel, now a coal hulk, was sold for scrap at Gilbraltar.


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Share All sharing options for: Catcher fatigue: Did the Royals break Salvador Perez?

Peter G. Aiken-USA TODAY Sports

[Editor's note: This is the site's first piece by new contributor Matt Jackson! Welcome him aboard.]

Last season, Salvador Perez struggled offensively down the stretch and through the playoffs, leading some to speculate that his downturn in production was the result of his league leading 1248.2 innings behind the plate.

Before examining whether Perez wore down during the regular season, look how his workload compared to other catchers. The following figure shows how the three most-used backstops accumulated their innings. Notice that Perez split from Lucroy and Montero toward the end of August as the Royals pushed to take the AL Central.

Although Perez logged 5% more innings behind the plate than Jonathan Lucroy , the Brewers catcher appeared defensively in more games during the regular season (155), playing 129.1 innings at first base. In the 2015 Hardball Times Annual, Shane Tourtellotte introduced opponent’s plate appearance (OPA), a proxy for catcher workload. Each batter faced while the catcher is behind the plate counts as a unit. He accounts for exertion from time spent at other defensive positions by assigning two OPA for each of these innings. Using this method, Lucroy (5,191 OPA) comes close to matching Perez (5,217) for top workload, while Montero continues rounds out the top three (4,883).

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So the margin by which Perez had the heaviest regular season catching workload may be smaller than previously thought, but did it affect his performance? Other studies in catcher fatigue have used OPS+ as an indicator, which was appropriate given the sample sizes they had, but they were not looking at individual player splits.

In 2013, a Vanderbilt University research group showed that MLB hitters chase pitches outside the strike zone (Fangraphs O-Swing%) with greater frequency in the last month of the season than the first and suggested this decrease in strike-zone judgement may be due to fatigue. Since pitches accumulate more quickly than PAs (albeit less so for Perez than nearly any other major league regular), I’ll use O-Swing% as an indicator of fatigue.

First, consider all catchers as the baseline. In September, they swung at 2.8% more pitches outside the strike zone than they did during the first month of the season. The change in Salvador’s strike zone judgement was certainly more dramatic. A free swinger to begin with, his O-Swing% shot up from 38.2% in March/April to a staggering 50.6% in September.

Although Perez was thrown more than 150 pitches outside the zone each month, the 95% confidence intervals are still rather large. Instead, I'll compare the difference between his first and second half splits to all MLB catchers as well as Lucroy and Montero.

Both Perez and Miguel Montero showed worse strike zone judgement in the second half of the season, though Perez lapped the field in that department. They also made less contact on pitches outside the zone (O-Contact%) which contributed to an increase in swinging strikes (SwStr%). Finally, the pair lost distance on their fly balls (hit further than 150 ft.). Perez also increased his already sizeable infield fly ball rate (IFFB%) by 5.5%. Lucroy, on the other hand, shirked the trend, swinging at 4% fewer pitches outside the zone in the second half.

Player (BMI) Δ O-Swing% Δ O-Contact% Δ SwStr% Δ IFFB% Δ Avg. FB Distance (ft.)
Perez (30.0) 11.1% -6.7% 2.0% 5.5% -21.2
Lucroy (26.4) -4.4% 0.8% -0.5% 3.1% 8.0
Montero (30.0) 4.7% -3.3% 2.0% 1.1% -18.4
All Catchers 0.7% -0.1% -0.1% 1.8%

I include BMI in the table not to suggest that either Perez or Montero is moderately obese (as the scale would indicate if one chooses to ignore its multitude of limitations), but rather to state the obvious: larger catchers may not sustain high workload seasons as well as their smaller brethren. That Perez and Montero seemed to wilt in the second half while Lucroy improved may be influenced by their body types.

So what will happen to Perez next season? Is his 2015 campaign doomed even before it begins? We can’t know, of course, but Royals fans may look to Russell Martin for a small measure of reassurance. After a strong rookie campaign in 2006, the Dodgers leaned heavily on Martin the next season, pushing him to an OPA of 5,302 in 2007. He posted a third straight above average offensive season in 2008 while logging as staggering 5,680 OPA. It took two grueling seasons before Martin faltered, posting a career low 86 OPS+ in 2009 despite remaining healthy enough to play the full season.

Aside from their height, speed, and pitch framing abilities, Perez and Martin are similar in their track record of excellence on both offense and defense. For this reason, their managers are tempted to push them to their limits. However, based on comments from Royals brass that Perez would spend less time behind the plate in 2015, it appears we won’t get the chance to see whether Perez can endure a second 5,000+ OPA season. Based on what appeared to be fatigue at the end of 2014, that’s probably not a bad idea.

Matt Jackson is a contributor to Beyond the Box Score. You can follow him on Twitter at @jacksontaigu.


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Vanderbilt SwStr - History

(SwStr: t. 7341. 233'0" b. 32'1" dr. 8'10")

Sidewheel steamer Adelaide was built in 1854 at Greenpoint Long Island N.Y., by the firm of Lupton and McDermott for Cornelius Vanderbilt who intended to send her round Cape Horn for service in the rivers and shallow coastal waters of California during the Gold Rush. However, changing business conditions caused this plan to be cancelled and the ship was sold while she was still under construction to the Calais, Maine, Steamboat Company for which she operated as a passenger packet between l Boston and New Brunswiek, Canada.

The Baltimore Steam Packet Company purchased the vessel early in February 1859 to replace its steamer North Carolina which had caught fire at sea while en route to Norfolk, Va., on 29 January of that year and had sunk early the following morning. Adelaide arrived at Norfolk late in February and took up duty, carrying passengers between that city and Baltimore.

On 7 May 1861, after having plied the waters of the Chesapeake Bay on this run for over two years, the steamer arrived at Old Point Comfort Va., her last stop on her route south before Norfolk. She was detained there by Union naval authorities and forbidden to proceed further south since all of the southern coast in Confederate hands was under blockade.

A few days later, the Union Navy chartered the ship to serve as a transport attached to the Atlantic Blockading Squadron. She performed her most important naval service late in the summer of 1861 when she carried Union troops to Hatteras Inlet for combined operations against the forts guarding the entrance to the North Carolina sounds. This operation on 28 and 29 August enabled the Union Navy to controf these important waters, and it led ultimately to the Confederate evacuation of Norfolk, Va.


History of the Vanderbilt Museum

William K. Vanderbilt II – known to family and friends as Willie K. – loved the oceans and the natural world. In his sea-going global travels, he collected fish and other marine life, birds, invertebrates and cultural artifacts for the personal museum he planned to build on his Long Island estate.

Willie Vanderbilt exhibited thousands of the marine specimens he had gathered – one of the world’s most extensive, privately assembled collections from the pre-atomic era – in his own marine museum, the Hall of Fishes, which he opened to the public in 1922. Wings of the mansion house galleries of his natural-history and cultural-artifact collections, and the Habitat with its nine wild-animal and marine-life dioramas created by artisans from the American Museum of Natural History.

Today, the 43-acre waterfront Vanderbilt Museum and Planetarium complex counts among its extensive collections (which total more than 40,000 objects) the mansion, curator’s cottage, a seaplane hangar and boathouse, antique household furnishings, rare decorative and fine art, the archives and photographic record of Vanderbilt’s circumnavigations of the globe, and published books of his travels.

Vanderbilt realized the potential for his sprawling estate to become a museum “for the use, education and enjoyment of the general public.” He established a trust fund to finance the operation of the museum and deeded it to Suffolk County, New York, upon his death in 1944. The county opened the museum to the public in 1950.

William K. Vanderbilt II

William Kissam Vanderbilt [1878-1944], known as “Willie K.,” was born in 1878 and spent many of his earliest days sailing around the world on various yachts owned by his father. He was educated by tutors, attended St. Mark’s Preparatory School, and studied at Harvard.

When he was twenty years old, Willie K. met Virginia Graham Fair, known as Birdie. She was several years older than he and had been born in poverty. But by the time she met young Vanderbilt she was a wealthy young lady, for her father, nicknamed “Slippery Jim”, was one of the four “Silver Kings” of the rich Comstock Lode in Virginia City, Nevada.

On March 26, 1899, Willie K. and Virginia were married in a Roman Catholic ceremony in the conservatory of the bride’s sister in New York City. Her only jewelry, except the diamond clasps on her veil, was the pear-shaped pearl surrounded by rubies worn as a pendant, the gift of the groom. The couple intended to spend their honeymoon at Idle Hour at Oakdale but the house burned to the ground on their wedding night and they were forced to go elsewhere. They leased the Villa Belvoir at Newport that summer. Then, it was back to work in his father’s office in Grand Central Station, at least for a while.

Willie K. was an accomplished sailor and yachtsman. In 1900 he won the Lipton Cup trophy with his 70-foot yacht Virginia and was presented the award by Sir Thomas Lipton, who initiated the races. In 1904, Willie K. sponsored the first Vanderbilt Cup Race [for motor cars] at Long Island. Later he and a group of investors formed the Long Island Motor Parkway Corporation and built one of the country’s first modern paved parkways.

He served in the Navy during World War I, and was a lieutenant commander in the U.S. Naval Reserve.

After ten years of marriage and the birth of three children, the Vanderbilts separated. Birdie, however, did not file for divorce until April 1927. Willie K. was then at home in Passy, France, Birdie at a hotel in Paris. No alimony was requested, as Birdie had inherited many millions from her father and brother. And, John D. Rockefeller Jr. had recently bought her ornate Gothic residence on Fifth Avenue in New York City for $1,500,000.

In September following the divorce, Willie K. and Rosamund Lancaster Warburton, of Philadelphia, were married in a civil ceremony at the mayor’s office in Paris. Rosamund was born in Worcester, Massachusetts, in 1897. In 1919 she was married to Barclay Harding Warburton Jr., son of Major Warburton and his wife Mary Brown Wanamaker, daughter of the department store founder John Wanamaker, of Philadelphia. She divorced the year before her marriage to Willie K.

Willie K. owned a hunting lodge and preserve in Canada, a farm in Tennessee, a place at Fisher’s Island in Florida (complete with seaplane hangar, docking facilities, an eleven-hole golf course, each hole being named after one of his yachts, tennis courts, swimming pool, etc.), and the summer estate at Centerport, Eagle’s Nest. Willie K. died in early 1944 of a heart ailment Rosamund died three years later, and the estate along with a $2,000,000 fund for its perpetuation, was left to Suffolk County, Long Island.

Vanderbilt Family Houses & Estates

1878-1879
William Kissam Vanderbilt, I (1849-1920)
Summer residence (destroyed by fire 1899)
“Idle Hour”, Oakdale, Long Island, NY
Richard Morris Hunt, Architect

1879-1882
William Kissam Vanderbilt, I (1849-1920)
Townhouse (demolished 1926)
660 5th Avenue, New York, NY
Richard Morris Hunt, Architect

1879-1882
William Henry Vanderbilt, I (1821-1885)
Margaret Vanderbilt [Mrs. Elliott Fitch] Shepard (1845-1925)
Emily Vanderbilt [Mrs. William Douglas] Sloane (1852-1946)
3 Townhouses (“The Triple Palace”)
640 & 642 5th Avenue and 2 West 52nd Street, New York, NY
John Butler Snook, Architect

1879
Eliza Vanderbilt (Mrs. William Seward) Webb (1860-1936)
Townhouse
680 5th Avenue, New York, NY
John Butler Snook, Architect

1879
Florence Vanderbilt (Mrs. Hamilton) Twombly (1854-1952)
Townhouse
684 5th Avenue, New York, NY
John Butler Snook, Architect

1882-1883
Florence Vanderbilt (Mrs. Hamilton) Twombly (1854-1952)
Summer residence (purchased 1896 now McAuley Hall, Salve Regina University)
“Vinland”, Newport, RI
Peabody & Stearns, Architect
www.salve.edu

1882-1894
Cornelius Vanderbilt, II (1843-1899)
Townhouse (demolished 1927)
1 West 57th Street, New York, NY
George B. Post, Architect

1886-1887
George Washington Vanderbilt, II (1862-1914)
Townhouse
9 West 53rd Street, New York, NY
Richard Morris Hunt, Architect

1886-1901
Emily Vanderbilt (Mrs. William Douglas) Sloane (1852-1946)
Summer residence (now private)
“Elm Court”, Lenox, MA
Peabody & Stearns, Architects

1888-1892
William Kissam Vanderbilt, I (1849-1920)
Summer residence
“Marble House”, Newport, RI
Richard Morris Hunt, Architect
www.newportmansions.org

1888-1895
George Washington Vanderbilt, II (1862-1914)
Country house
“Biltmore”, Asheville, NC
Richard Morris Hunt, Architect
www.biltmoreestate.com

1888-1899
Eliza Vanderbilt (Mrs.William Seward) Webb (1860-1936)
Country house
“Shelburne House”, Shelburne, VT
Robert H. Robertson, Architect
www.shelburnefarms.org

1891
Frederick William Vanderbilt (1856-1938)
Summer residence
“Rough Point”, Newport, RI
Peabody & Stearns, Architects
(remodeled by Horace Trumbauer, Architect, for James B. Duke)
www.newportrestoration.com

1892-1895
Cornelius Vanderbilt, II (1843-1899)
Summer residence
“The Breakers”, Newport, RI
Richard Morris Hunt, Architect
www.newportmansions.org

1894-1895
Margaret Vanderbilt (Mrs.Elliott Fitch) Shepard (1845-1925)
Summer residence (now Sleepy Hollow Country Club)
“Woodlea”, Scarborough, NJ
McKim, Mead & White, Architects

1896-1899
Frederick William Vanderbilt [1856-1938]
Country house (now Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site)
“Hyde Park”, Hyde Park, NY
McKim, Mead & White, Architects
http://www.nps.gov/vama/

1894-1897
Florence Vanderbilt (Mrs. Hamilton) Twombly (1854-1952)
Country house (now Administration Bldg., Madison Campus, Fairleigh Dickinson University)
“Florham”, Convent Station, NJ
McKim, Mead & White, Architects
http://view.fdu.edu/?id=196

1899-1903
William Kissam Vanderbilt, I [1849-1920]
Country house (now Dowling College)
“Idle Hour” (2), Oakdale, Long Island, NY
Richard Howland Hunt, Architect
Warren & Wetmore, Architects
www.lihistory.com

1902-1904
William Kissam Vanderbilt, II (1878-1944)
Summer residence
“Deepdale”, Great Neck, Long Island, NY
Horace Trumbauer and Carrere & Hastings, Architects

1905
William Kissam Vanderbilt, II (1878-1944)
Townhouse
666 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY
McKim, Mead & White, Architects

1910-1936
William Kissam Vanderbilt, II (1878-1944)
Summer residence
“Eagle’s Nest”, Centerport, Long Island, NY
Warren & Wetmore, Architects
Ronald H. Pearce, Architect

1915
Virginia Fair Vanderbilt (1878-1935)
Country residence
Jericho, Long Island, NY
John Russell Pope, Architect

1920s
William Kissam Vanderbilt, II (1878-1944)
Winter residence
Fisher Island, FL
www.fisherislandclub.com/History

1925
Harold Stirling Vanderbilt (1884-1970)
Summer residence
“El Solano”, Palm Beach, FL
Addison Mizner, Architect

1930
Harold Stirling Vanderbilt (1884-1970)
Summer residence
“Villa Lantana”, FL
Treanor & Fatio, Architects

Eagle's Nest

The Eagle’s Nest mansion is unusual for estate architecture on Long Island because of its Spanish design, a style that is seldom seen in the region. The palatial, Spanish Revival style is actually less “Spanish” than it is a personal evocation of Vanderbilt’s Mediterranean impressions as interpreted by his architects during a period of estate building that lasted over twenty-five years. With the requisite red tile roof, stucco facades and central courtyard, the ironwork by Samuel Yellin, the foremost iron artisan of his day, is the final element characterizing this style.

Two building campaigns followed the original construction of the house, transforming it into the extensive mansion complex that visitors see today. Each was prompted by incidents in Vanderbilt’s life, the first by his inheritance of $21 million after his father’s death in 1921 and subsequent marriage to Rosamund Warburton in 1927, and the second by the tragic death of his son Willie K. III in 1933. A visit to the Eagle’s Nest mansion today provides visitors a glimpse at the life of William K. Vanderbilt II through the estate that memorializes his legacy.

The mansion was begun in 1910 as a modest bachelor’s retreat, built at a comfortable distance from the legendary concentration of Gold Coast estates located closer to New York City. The original bungalow was perched high above Northport Bay where a boathouse and wharf accommodated Vanderbilt’s greatest passion, sailing. His other passion, motor car racing, is represented on the estate by the two-story automobile garage (now the museum’s Education Center) and by a large revolving turntable located on the lower level of the Memorial Wing, where Vanderbilt’s custom-built 1928 Lincoln touring car is displayed.

Warren and Wetmore: Architects of the Vanderbilt

Whitney Warren (1864-1943) was a cousin of the Vanderbilts. After deciding to study architecture in 1883, he enrolled at Columbia University but stayed for only one year. In 1884, he left for Paris to attend the Ècole des Beaux Arts and remained for ten years, studying under Daumet and Girault. Warren returned to New York in 1894 and, with characteristic resourcefulness, convinced one of his first clients, a lawyer named Charles Wetmore (1867-1941), to become his partner. The new firm’s bid for recognition came in 1899 when the New York Yacht Club (an organization familiar to William K. Vanderbilt, II) held a competition for a new clubhouse. Warren & Wetmore received the commission, and as a result, established their reputation in New York.

Almost immediately, the firm was engaged as architects for the New York Central, Michigan Central and Erie and Canadian Northern Railroads. They were responsible for the design of the entire Grand Central Terminal Group, which began with the design of the Grand Central Station (1903-1913) and ended with the New York Central Office Building [1928]. The complex included several Vanderbilt-financed hotels, among them the Vanderbilt (1911), the Biltmore (1912) and Hotel Commodore (1919).

Considering these associations with the Vanderbilt family, it is reasonable to attribute the 1910 design of “Eagle’s Nest” to Warren & Wetmore, although documentary evidence has yet to be found that confirms this attribution. Stylistically, the original buildings on the estate did resemble some of the early work that the firm produced on Long Island, such as the outbuildings for Clarence MacKay’s “Harbor Hill” in Roslyn (1904). In addition, although no records have been located for the first phase of the mansion’s construction, later blueprints and drawings confirm that the firm was commissioned in various capacities from 1926 until 1930. During this period, Warren & Wetmore also designed the Deepdale Golf and Country Club in Great Neck (1926) for William K. Vanderbilt II. It was also in the “Spanish” style.

Ronald Hoyt Pearce: Vanderbilt Architect

Little is known about Ronald H. Pearce. His name first appears in the archives of the museum in correspondence dating from 1922 between the architectural firm of Warren & Wetmore and William K. Vanderbilt. The subject of the letter is the construction of the walls along Little Neck Road. In 1923, Vanderbilt wrote to Pearce in care of Warren & Wetmore concerning the pool and other matters. Other correspondence dealing with numerous contractors such as interior decorative painters and changes to the power plant document his involvement with improvements at “Eagle’s Nest” until 1930.

Published sources about Pearce are equally elusive. The first that appears in connection with the Vanderbilts is an article by Pearce for the Architectural Record (December 1926), which describes the newly completed Deepdale Golf and Country Club in Great Neck (Warren & Wetmore, Architects). The article is meticulously complete with regard to the building, but offers little editorial comment about the architecture or the architects. In 1928, a New York Times article refers to a piece by Pearce that had appeared in the Journal of the American Institute of Architects about the reconstruction of the Library of the University of Louvain in Belgium. Also dating from 1928 is a Town and Country article entitled “A Rambling Spanish House on Long Island” in which the author states that William K. Vanderbilt had “sent Mr. Ronald Pearce to Spain to study the architecture of the different parts of the country” and that “the result of this profitable journey is a coordination of the different architectural expressions found in the North and the South of Spain into the attractive, rambling composition which is “Eagle’s Nest” on Northport Harbor.” The article thus implies that the altered and enlarged summer estate, which was transformed from a “four-room English cottage, useful for week-end visiting” into a Spanish-inspired mansion and complex of numerous other buildings, was quite possibly the work of Ronald H. Pearce.

From the museum’s archive of architectural drawings, Pearce’s name appears for the first time on an architectural drawing proposing an addition to the Hall of Fish. A Town and Country article in 1937 credits Pearce with the original design for this building (1922), although the earlier drawings have not survived. In all probability, Pearce had begun working on the “Eagle’s Nest” project in the early 1920s and continued as Warren & Wetmore’s architect for the estate after the retirement of Warren from architectural practice in 1931. His drawings for the Memorial Wing and other alterations to “Eagle’s Nest” indicate that he was a competent Beaux Arts architect with dramatic flair. Most importantly, he was skilled at designing additions and alterations that harmonized with previously built sections of the estate.

Ronald Hoyt Pearce maintained an office in New York City at 11 East 44th Street between 1932 and 1940.


Vanderbilt SwStr - History

Vanderbilt University School of Nursing has demonstrated its strong interest in faculty practice through a long history of large-scale implementation. Prior to 1991, the School of Nursing used shared salary contacts to place nurse practitioners and other advanced practice nurses in collaborative practices with physicians and within agencies. The type of practice ranged from mental health services to primary care to management positions within healthcare institutions. These practice roles were integrated with the traditional academic responsibilities expected of nursing school faculty. Workload was distributed among teaching, practice and research. There were, in addition, contracts between the Vanderbilt School of Nursing and two tertiary medical centers for nurse researcher positions.

Beginning in 1991, Vanderbilt School of Nursing secured Kellogg Funding to start a nurse managed primary care and mental health center in an urban underserved community within Nashville. That clinic became and remains the largest practice affiliated clinical operation for the School of Nursing. In 1999, nurse-midwifery services were added. In the early months of TennCare, the state’s Medicaid managed care program started in 1994, the original clinic managed a population of about 5000 patients.

In 1996, the School of Nursing established its first school-based practice at a K-6 school located near the Vine Hill Clinic. This school-based clinic functions as a satellite of the clinic, and care is coordinated between the clinic Primary Care Practitioners and the school-based Pediatric Nurse Practitioner and Family Nurse Practitioner faculty. A second clinic (K-4) was added in 1997. Both sites serve children with chronic health, mental health and developmental conditions, including asthma, ADHD, depression, diabetes, sickle cell disease, seizure disorders, hemophilia, congenital heart diseases, CP and immune system disorders. Grant funding underwrites some, but not all, costs associated with the school-based health program.

Today, Vanderbilt School of Nursing students often work alongside practicing faculty in these clinical settings to gain hands-on experience in delivering health care services and patient care. Practicing faculty demonstrate first-hand that Vanderbilt is committed to bridging its long-standing tradition of excellence in practice with seeking new, innovative ways to improve health care outcomes – always putting the patient first in all that we do.


Looking for historic comps for LHP Richard Lovelady

I knew better than that. Okay. I’ll do Khalil Lee. Let’s vote on another one. Looking for historical comps similar to the MJ/Seuly and Brewer Hicklen articles.

&mdash Royals Farm Report (@RoyalsFarm) July 13, 2018

The people have spoken. Next on our list of searching for historical comps will be the top relief pitcher in the Royals farm system, Richard Lovelady. Check out our previous articles on MJ Melendez/Seuly Matias and Brewer Hicklen as well.

One of the first things that people do when they are introduced to something new is try to find something that it reminds them of. It’s a natural reaction. So, naturally, when we think about what Richard Lovelady could be in the future, we start looking to the past to try to find players before him that are similar. Well, I went all the way back to A-ball to start searching for answers.

Some of the most obvious things that good pitchers do well include striking batters out, not walking batters, and try to keep the ball on the ground. Simple enough, yeah? Well, in 2017 Richard Lovelady did all three of those things at a superb rate. In 33.1 IP with the High-A Wilmington Blue Rocks, Lovelady posted a K/BB ratio of 10.25, a 13.2% SwStr%, a 1.48 FIP, and a GB% of 69.9% which lead the Carolina League. Impressive. Here’s a look at some guys to post similar-ish numbers in the Carolina League between the ages of 20-22 since 2007:

  • Shane Bieber: 20.5 K/BB, 49.4% GB%, 13.3% SwStr%, 2.5 FIP
  • Will Smith: 12.75 K/BB, 52% GB%, 38.8% SwStr%, 3.25 FIP
  • Alex Claudio: 6.22 K/BB, 62.4% GB%, 28% SwStr%, 2.44 FIP
  • Richard Lovelady: 10.25 K/BB, 69.9% GB%, 13.3% SwStr%, 1.48 FIP

There’s obviously a lot of factors at play here, which is why the list is so short. That, and no on posts K/BB ratios of 10+. The list gets a bit longer when you ramp the age up to 23+, but 23 year olds playing in A-ball start to get watered down (Lovelady threw all of his pitches in Wilmington at the age of 21).

Shane Bieber is the only one among that group of four that’s still a starting pitcher. Will Smith has been a very productive reliever in the big leagues, but he was actually starting when he posted these numbers back in 2010. I was trying to narrow my search to pitchers with a K/BB ratio of 9.5+, but Alex Claudio compared pretty favorably to Lovelady in almost every other department, and had a SwStr% 2x higher than Lovelady despite fewer K’s, so I let him stay.

Will Smith and Alex Claudio would actually be decent outcomes for Richard Lovelady. For big league relievers, posting a season with 1.5 fWAR or higher would be considered good. There were only 29 relievers that accomplished that feat in 2017. 1.8 fWAR gets into “really good” territory and 2+ is borderline elite. Will Smith currently has 1.3 fWAR in 28.1 IP and has another season of 1.4 fWAR back in 2015 (didn’t pitch in 2017). Alex Claudio posted 1.8 fWAR as a reliever last season, which put him into the top 20 relievers in all of baseball. Those are both really good outcomes.

Let’s move to AA now and see how Lovelady compares to guys at a higher level.

Lovelady’s sheer dominance of the Carolina League left us with few comparisons for him, but his mortal self caught up in AA and we have a much bigger list to pull from. I started out by analyzing every pitcher 22 years old or younger since 2007 (min. 30 IP) to post a FIP under 3.00 in the Texas League. Then I narrowed the list down from about 40 by narrowing their peripherals (SwStr%, K/BB, and GB%) until they were within close proximity to Lovelady’s numbers. Here’s the list of 11 pitchers with the most similar results to Richard Lovelady in the Texas League (AA):

  • Keone Kela: 2.04 K/BB, 48.8% GB%, 13.5% SwStr%, 2.86 FIP
  • Shelby Miller: 2.7 K/BB, 44.6% GB%, 11.3% SwStr%, 2.90 FIP
  • Francis Martes: 2.79 K/BB, 43.9% GB%, 13% SwStr%, 2.73 FIP
  • Mark Appel: 2.92 K/BB, 45.5% GB%, 12.8% SwStr%, 2.99 FIP
  • Jose Torres: 3.00 K/BB, 51.2% GB%, 11.4% SwStr%, 2.55 FIP
  • Corbin Martin: 3.23 K/BB, 52.7% GB%, 12.1% SwStr%, 2.98 FIP
  • Greg Mahle: 3.27 K/BB, 53.2% GB%, 11.3% SwStr%, 2.56 FIP
  • Yohander Mendez: 3.29 K/BB, 45.5% GB%, 11.7% SwStr%, 2.93 FIP
  • Nick Martinez: 3.29 K/BB, 46.2% GB%, 10.4% SwStr%, 2.68 FIP
  • AJ Puk: 3.44 K/BB, 47.6% GB%, 13.8% SwStr%, 2.35 FIP
  • Richard Lovelady: 2.77 K/BB, 49.4% GB%, 11.8% SwStr%, 2.72 FIP

Wide range of outcomes here. AJ Puk is one of (if not the) best LHP prospects in all of baseball. Mark Appel was a former number 1 overall pick that had some injuries and just never panned out. Keone Kela is a pretty good reliever who posted a 1.5 fWAR season back in 2015 and has already accrued 1.1 fWAR in 33 innings this season. Shelby Miller is a former top SP prospect that should probably just relocate to the bullpen at this point (was awesome with the Braves, has been bad since 2015). Jose Torres was in San Diego’s bullpen and doing fine until he was suspended for the 2018 season for domestic violence. Corbin Martin is currently tearing up AA.

Lovelady got off to a slow start in AAA this season, but has really turned it around as of late. Since May 30th, Lovelady owns a 1.52 ERA with 25 K and only 4 BB in 23.2 IP. We ought to be seeing him in the big league bullpen come September (if not earlier) and he’s got a real shot to be an impact reliever for KC. He and Josh Staumont together could be a filthy combo for the Royals very soon, and guys like Jake Newberry, Eric Stout, Grant Gavin, are not far behind. There’s a history of guys similar to Lovelady having plenty of MLB success, and Royals fans ought to be excited to see the hard throwing lefty reliever in Kansas City very soon.


Alums & History


The Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics (MPB) has a proud tradition of pioneering research discoveries. Dr. Charles R. (Rollo) Park put the Department of Physiology on the research map over half a century ago as a mecca for cutting edge basic research related to endocrinology and diabetes, with a special focus on signal transduction mechanisms. Dr. Park was elected as a member of the National Academy of Sciences. The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded to Dr. Earl Sutherland while he was a faculty member at Vanderbilt for establishing the concept of second messenger signaling though his pioneering research on cyclic AMP (and cyclic GMP). Studies by Dr. John Exton, a long-time HHMI Investigator and another elected member of the National Academy of Sciences, provided novel molecular insights into the regulation of phospholipid metabolism and calcium signaling by hormones and neurotransmitters. The HHMI also supported the work of Drs. Jackie Corbin and Sharron Francis on cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases, providing the foundation for the development of highly successful drugs to treat erectile dysfunction. You can find out more about the work of these and all the other distinguished alumni of the department here. More recently, this tradition was continued by Dr. Roger Cone, the recently departed chair of the department and another elected member of the National Academy of Sciences, who uncovered novel modes of signal transduction mediated by the melanocortin receptors in the CNS that play a key role in the regulation of feeding and obesity.

The appointment of Dr. Daryl Granner as Dr. Park’s successor in the 1980’s, sparked a diversification of research interests and a change of name to the Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics. Please click the links below to discover more about the full spectrum of current research interests in MPB, and individual faculty members working in each area.

Read about the many alumni of the Department here.

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All in the details: Sprinter Madison Fuller’s journey to Vanderbilt history

Fuller holds the school record in the 60-meter race at a blazing 7.50 seconds.

Madison Fuller breaks a program record in the 60-meter dash. (Twitter/@VandyXCTrack)

Betsy Goodfriend, Deputy Sports Editor
March 25, 2021

Sophomore sprinter Madison Fuller has been at her best this year. In the indoor season, she competed in all four meets and excelled.

Fuller set a Vanderbilt record in the 60 meters at the Music City Challenge in February. Her time of 7.50 seconds edged the time teammate Haley Bishop set weeks earlier by 0.01 seconds.

In a sport where a fraction of a second matters, every detail counts. That’s what Fuller appreciates most about sprinting.

“It’s very easy to break down the aspects of sprinting, which I love,” Fuller says. “I love asking questions, and my coaches know that.”

After the outdoor season was cancelled last year due to COVID-19, Fuller trained hard to be ready for her sophomore season.

“I wanted to work on a lot of the little technicalities that make up sprinting, especially with such a short race as the 100 meters where every step counts,” Fuller says. “I’ve been working on my reaction time and working on the little aspects like the knee drive to push as hard as I can.”

Fuller was the only sprinter on the team last year, but she was joined by Bishop this season.

“I’m really grateful for the relationship that Madison and I have,” Bishop says of Fuller. “She just honestly pushes me to be even better than before, and I feel like I push her, too.”

Fuller agreed that the relationship makes each runner better.

“I missed having a training partner,” Fuller says. “Haley and I push each other, and we also have that fun camaraderie. I think I speak for both of us that we want the best for each other and no matter the end of every race, we’re happy for each other’s achievements. I’ve loved every minute of getting to train with her so far.”

Fuller is preparing for her first outdoor season since her senior year of high school, and she’s adding another event to her repertoire. She ran the 4𴥨-meter relay in the indoor season and holds the seventh-fastest time in the event in Vanderbilt history as a member of the relay, but she’s adding the 400-meter race as a solo event for the outdoor season.

“It’s a little bit more strategy than the 100 and 200 meters when you obviously just go out and run your hardest,” Fuller says. “In my opinion, at 400 meters and above, having that speed and endurance to push you through that last 200 meters of the race is necessary.”

Her workouts have become longer and focused on building strength to prepare for the 400 meters. The technical aspects of getting off the block quickly matter less in a longer race, and Fuller is balancing the precise skills of the shorter sprints with the strategy of the 400 meters race.

Striking a balance is nothing new to Fuller, who grew up balancing her schedule between multiple sports and horseback riding. She played soccer and basketball before picking up track in eighth grade. Fuller played on a club travel team for basketball but transitioned to track full-time in the summer before high school. Horseback riding has stuck through with her switch to track.

“I know it’s cheesy that I’m a horse girl, but my teammates make fun of me,” Fuller jokes.

Her mother has always been a horse lover, and she introduced Fuller to horseback riding. Fuller jumped in shows when she was younger and enjoys riding in the summers now. She is also currently training a baby horse.

But riding will have to wait until after Vanderbilt’s outdoor track season, which runs throughout the spring and culminates with the NCAA championships in June.


Watch the video: Vanderbilts Biltmore Estate: 6 Years to Build, 43 Bathrooms Aerial America. Smithsonian Channel (May 2022).